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Savannah vicinity

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Fort Pulaski, Cockspur Island, Savannah, Chatham County, GA



See 16 maps of this location


B&W Photos

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Item Title
Perspective View (west) Of East Angle And Southeast Face

Location
Cockspur Island, Savannah vicinity, GA

Find maps of Savannah, GA


Created/Published
Documentation compiled after 1933.

Notes
Survey number HABS GA-2158
Building/structure dates: 1829 initial construction
Building/structure dates: 1862 subsequent work
Building/structure dates: 1933 subsequent work
Significance: Fort Pulaski was built in the second quarter of the nineteenth century by U.S. military engineers who hoped to guard against unwanted river approaches to the nearby port city of Savannah. It was part of a chain of brick fortifications constructed up and down the east coast and represented the premier defense system of its time. Creating Fort Pulaski took one million dollars, 25 million bricks, and eighteen years of labor. When it was completed (1847), Fort Pulaski was considered invincible. The fort remained untested until the Civil War. In January 1861, the Confederate States of America seized the fort for its use and protection. Union forces targeted the fort in April 1862; yet the Confederates were unafraid of the coming bombardment. They placed their faith in the fort's solidarity. Moreover, the Union army, camped on Tybee Island, was over a mile away. However, the distance between the batteries and the fort was covered easily by the rifled cannon, that unbeknownst to the Confederacy, were capable of shattering the fort's 7 1/2 feet thick brick walls. By noon the following day, the walls of the fort were breached and the main powder magazine threatened. The Confederate surrender -- only thirty hours into the battle -- marked the end of the era of masonry fortifications. The for was abandoned after 1880. It became a national monument in 1924; restoration efforts began in 1933.

Subjects
Building Deterioration
Military Art & Science
Campaigns & Battles


Related Names
Pulaski, Count. Casimir
Bernard, Gen. Simon
Gilmore, Capt. Quincy A.
Olmstead, Col. Charles H.
Forty-eighth (48th) New York Infantry
Lent, Capt. L. H.
Valdma, Antonio, Field Team
DeHaven, Jeffrey, Field Team
Frame, Marc, Field Team
De Castillo, Jose, Field Team
Deike, Cody, Field Team
Dinger, Jeff, Field Team
Kim, Soyeon, Field Team
Chambers, Bryon, Field Team
Lyssy, Mike, Field Team


Collection
Historic American Buildings Survey (Library of Congress)

Contents
Photograph caption(s): 
1. Historic American Buildings Survey C. E. Peterson, Photographer c. 1935 DISTANT VIEW
2. Historic American Buildings Survey C. E. Peterson, Photographer c. 1935 ENTRANCE
3. Historic American Buildings Survey C. E. Peterson, Photographer 1935 VIEW OF REPAIRED BREACH
4. Historic American Buildings Survey C. E. Peterson, Photographer 1935 PART OF OLD NORTH CHANNEL AT FORT PULASKI WHARF
5. Historic American Buildings Survey T. T. Waterman, Photographer 1935-1936 OFFICERS' AND SOLDIERS' QUARTERS
6. Historic American Buildings Survey C. E. Peterson, Photographer 1935-36 OFFICERS' QUARTERS INTERIOR WALL
7. Historic American Buildings Survey C. E. Peterson, Photographer 1935-36 OFFICERS' QUARTERS INTERIOR WALLS
8. PERSPECTIVE VIEW (NORTHEAST) OF DEMI-LUNE MOAT FROM SALIENT
9. PERSPECTIVE VIEW (NORTH) OF WEST GORGE WALL SHOWING DRAW BRIDGE
10. PERSPECTIVE VIEW (WEST) OF SALL-PORT FROM PARADE GROUND
11. EAST ELEVATION OF RESTORED COLONNADED PORCH OF WEST GORGE WALL AND OFFICERS' QUARTERS
12. PERSPECTIVE VIEW (SOUTH WEST) OF RESTORED COLONNADED PORCH OF GORGE WALL
13. PERSPECTIVE VIEW DOWN RESTORED COLONNADED PORCH OF GORGE WALL
14. WEST ELEVATION OF NON-COMMISSIONED OFFICERS' QUARTERS BEFORE RESTORATION OF COLONNADED PORCH
15. WEST ELEVATION OF NON-COMMISSIONED OFFICERS' QUARTERS AFTER RESTORATION OF COLONNADED PORCH
16. PERSPECTIVE VIEW (NORTH) OF TERREPLEIN OVER WEST GORGE WALL
17. PERSPECTIVE VIEW (EAST) OF TERREPLEIN BEFORE RESTORATION SHOWING GUN MOUNTS
18. DETAILED VIEW OF LOWER SETION OF EAST ANGLE AND SOUTHEAST FACE
19. PERSPECTIVE VIEW (WEST) OF EAST ANGLE AND SOUTHEAST FACE


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