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Hogansville

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Stark Mill, 117 Corinth Road, Hogansville, Troup County, GA



B&W Photos

HB375543

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Item Title


Location
117 Corinth Road, Hogansville, GA

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Created/Published
Documentation compiled after 1968.

Notes
Survey number HAER GA-117
Building/structure dates: 1924 initial construction
Building/structure dates: 1970 subsequent work
Significance: Starting in the early 20th century textile production was an important component of the local economy in Hogansville, Georgia. Stark Mill was built in 1923-24 by Lockwood Greene Engineers to transfer operations from Manchester, New Hampshire to a new Southern location. Transferring operations also gave Lockwood Greene Engineers the opportunity to build an up-to-date textile production facility. The new Stark Mill featured reinforced-concrete construction and an air conditioning system, reflecting the structural and technological developments of 1920s textile mill architecture.

Subjects
Cotton Mills


Related Names
New England Southern Mills
Calumet Cotton Mills
U.S. Rubber Products
Lockwood Greene Engineers
Lowe, Jet, Photographer
Davidson, Lisa Pfueller, Historian


Collection
Historic American Engineering Record (Library of Congress)

Contents
Photograph caption(s): 
1. VIEW LOOKING NORTHWEST AT MAIN ELEVATION OF STARK MILL, A REINFORCED CONCRETE MILL BUILT BY NEW ENGLAND SOUTHERN MILLS IN 1923-24. THE MILL WAS DESIGNED BY LOCKWOOD GREENE ENGINEERS, AND CONTAINED 35,000 SPINDLES FOR MAKING TIRE FABRICS. PART OF THE WEAVING WOULD TAKE PLACE AT HOGANSVILLE MILL (BUILT c. 1900), ANOTHER NEW ENGLAND SOUTHERN MILL NEARBY, UNTIL THE DEMOLITION OF THAT MILL IN THE 1970s.
2. DETAIL VIEW OF MAIN ELEVATION OF MILL, LOOKING NORTHWEST. NOTE ORIGINAL WINDOWS ON UPPER FLOORS. THE TOP FLOOR CONTAINED SPINNING AND TWISTER EQUIPMENT, THE SECOND FLOOR THE CARD ROOM AND ADDITIONAL SPINNING, AND THE GROUND FLOOR WEAVING, THE CLOTH ROOM, AND SHIPPING. A PARTIAL BASEMENT CONTAINED A MACHINE SHOP, SUPPLY DEPARTMENT, AND OVERFLOW COTTON STORAGE.
3. VIEW OF SOUTHWEST/WEST ELEVATION OF MILL WITH WAREHOUSES AT LEFT. NOTE ABANDONED RAILROAD BED FOR SIDING TO MILL. SAME VIEW AS HAER No. GA-117-11 (CT).
4. VIEW OF WEST ELEVATION OF MILL (LEFT), AND PICKER HOUSE PORTION OF WAREHOUSE STRUCTURE (RIGHT) FROM NORTH/NORTHWEST. COTTON BALES WERE OPENED ON THE GROUND FLOOR OF THE PICKER HOUSE, FINISHER PICKERS WERE LOCATED ON THE SECOND FLOOR, AND THEN THE SECOND FLOOR CONNECTING BRIDGE WAS USED TO TRANSFER COTTON INTO THE MILL. NOTE ORIGINAL WATER TANK IN RIGHT BACKGROUND.
5. VIEW OF VENTILATION HOUSES AND ROOF MONITOR FROM SOUTHEAST CORNER OF ROOF. ROOF MONITOR WINDOWS HAVE BEEN INFILLED WITH BRICK. THE VENTILATION HOUSES ARE PART OF THE ORIGINAL CENTRAL AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM AND CONTAINED AIR WASHERS, FANS AND OTHER HUMIDFYING EQUIPMENT FROM PARKS-CRAMER COMPANY OF FITCHBURG, MASSACHUSETTS. LOCATING THIS EQUIPMENT ON THE ROOF MADE IT UNNECESSARY TO CONSTRUCT A FULL BASEMENT, AND THEREFORE LOWERED CONSTRUCTION COSTS. THIS ARRANGEMENT ALSO PUT THE AIR CONDITIONING EQUIPMENT CLOSEST TO THE TOP FLOOR SPINNING ROOM, WHICH HAD THE GREATEST COOLING REQUIREMENTS.
6. VIEW LOOKING SOUTHEAST AT VENTILATION EQUIPMENT IN SOUTH VENTILATION HOUSE. THIS AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM WAS INSTALLED BY PARKS-CRAMER COMPANY OF FITCHBURG, MASSACHUSETTS WHEN THE MILL WAS CONSTRUCTED IN 1923-24. ONE AIR WASHER AND FAN ROOM EXTERIOR IS VISIBLE ON THE RIGHT. THE DUCTS FROM BOTH FAN ROOMS (CURVED METAL STRUCTURES AT CENTER AND LEFT OF PHOTO) ARE CONNECTED TO A COMMON AIR SHAFT.
7. MOTOR AND DRIVE WHEEL FOR ONE SET OF FANS IN SOUTH VENTILATION HOUSE. NOTE SAFETY BARRIER ADDED LATER TO MEET OSHA STANDARDS.
8. VIEW INSIDE ONE OF THE FAN CHAMBERS IN NORTH VENTILATION HOUSE.
9. INTERIOR OF THIRD FLOOR FROM CENTER FACING SOUTHWEST. REINFORCED CONCRETE BEAM AND GIRDER CONSTRUCTION MINIMIZED THE REQUIRED NUMBER OF VERTICAL SUPPORTS, CREATING A LARGER, UNINTERRUPTED PRODUCTION AREA THAN SLOW BURNING, TIMBER AND BRICK MILL STRUCTURAL SYSTEMS. THIS SPACE ORIGINALLY CONTAINED SPINNING AND TWISTING MACHINERY. THE WALL IN THE RIGHT BACKGROUND IS PART OF THE LARGE VERTICAL AIR SHAFT FOR THE SOUTH VENTILATION HOUSE EQUIPMENT.
10. INTERIOR OF SECOND FLOOR NEAR CENTER OF BUILDING. THIS SPACE ORIGINALLY CONTAINED FINISHER PICKERS AND SPINNING MACHINERY. NOTE ORIGINAL WINDOWS AND BEAM AND GIRDER REINFORCED CONCRETE STRUCTURAL SYSTEM.


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