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Chickamauga National Military Park Tour Roads, Fort Oglethorpe, Catoosa County, GA
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Fort Oglethorpe vicinity, GA
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Documentation compiled after 1968.
Survey number HAER GA-95
Unprocessed field note material exists for this structure (N663).
Building/structure dates: 1890 initial construction
Significance: The Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park tour roads provide access to select areas of the park that commemorate and interpret the conflict between Union and Confederate forces over control of the LaFayette Road leading to Chattanooga. The tour route through the Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park was originally designed for visitors in carriages, on foot, and on horseback. It has evolved into a route for visitors in automobiles. The roads, culverts, and bridges are integral parts of the park, as they make a variety of areas more accessible to the public. There is also an assortment of foot trails and horse trails that allow visitors to see other areas inaccessible to those in automobiles. The road related structures in the park are significant both for their individual structural designs and for their functional unity as part of the park's overall conception. Initial construction of the park roads began in the 1890s and continued throughout the 1930s. Improvements, additions and closings of some roads took place under the supervision of the War Department, and later the National Park Service.
"Mission 66" Program
War (Civil War)
US Department Of War
Van Derveer, Ferdinand
Civilian Conservation Corps
Army Corps Of Engineers
Hamburger, Nancy, Field Team
Sniegucka, Anna, Field Team
Sprysa, Tetyana, Field Team
Haas, David W., Photographer
Brooks, Pete, Delineator
Ezell, David, Historian
Youngblood, Courtney, Historian
Historic American Engineering Record (Library of Congress)
1. ALEXANDER'S BRIDGE, VIEW INTO PARK, NNW
2. ALEXANDER'S BRIDGE, CREEK LEVEL VIEW, SSW
3. ALEXANDER'S BRIDGE, CAUSWAY DETAIL, VIEW WNW
4. ALEXANDER'S BRIDGE, INDIANA MARKER AND CAUSEWAY, VIEW W
5. TRIPLE CULVERT AT INTERSECTION JAY'S MILL AND BROTHERTON ROADS, VIEW ESE
6. SINGLE CULVERT AT INTERSECTION JAY'S MILL AND BROTHERTON ROADS, VIEW ENE
7. MONUMENT AT BRAGG'S HEADQUARTERS, VIEW SE
8. FIELD ON BROTHERTON ROAD WITH SEMPLE'S ALABAMA AND CALVERT'S ARKANSAS BATTERIES, VIEW ENE
9. FIRST OHIO INFANTRY MONUMENT ON BROTHERTON ROAD, VIEW W
10. 49TH OHIO INFANTRY MONUMENT ON BROTHERTON ROAD, VIEW NE
11. TOUR STOP #1, SLOCUM'S LOUISIANA BATTERY, VIEW SW
12. TOUR STOP #2, BATTLE LINE PULLOUT, VIEW W
13. BATTLE LINE ROAD, FOURTH INDIANA BATTERY, VIEW S
14. BATTLE LINE ROAD, LOOKING DOWN THE LINE, VIEW SSW
15. TOUR STOP #3, GENERAL VIEW NW
16. TOUR STOP #3, DARDEN'S MISSISSIPPI AND KOLB'S ALABAMA BATTERIES, VIEW ESE
17. TOUR STOP #4, INTERSECTION DYER AND LAFAYETTE ROADS, VIEW S
18. TOUR STOP #4, BROTHERTON CABIN, VIEW NNE
19. TOUR STOP #5, THE COST OF CHICKAMAUGA, VIEW SE
20. INTERSECTION OF LAFAYETTE AND GLENN-VINIARD ROADS, VIEW SSE
21. BRIDGE AT INTERSECTION LAFAYETTE AND GLENN-VINIARD ROADS, VIEW SSE
22. CULVERT BEFORE TOUR STOP #6, VIEW NNE
23. TOUR STOP #6, FIRST WISCONSIN CAVALRY MONUMENT, VIEW NW
24. TOUR STOP #6, SIGN AND PARKING AREA, VIEW N
25. YOUR'S GEORGIA BATTERY ON LYTLE ROAD, VIEW S
26. 1897 CULVERT BETWEEN TOUR STOPS #6 AND #7, VIEW NNE
27. 1897 CULVERT BETWEEN TOUR STOPS #6 AND #7, ELEVATION VIEW E
28. 1897 CULVERT BETWEEN TOUR STOPS #6 AND #7, DECK VIEW N
29. TOUR STOP #7, SITE OF ROSECRANS HEADQUARTERS, VIEW W
30. TOUR ROUTE VIEW BETWEEN TOUR STOPS #7 AND #8, SOUTH CAROLINA MONUMENT IN DISTANCE, VIEW N
31. TOUR STOP #8, SNODGRASS HILL, BATTERY #1, FOURTH U.S. ARTILLERY, VIEW E
32. SNODGRASS HILL, BATTERY LINE, VIEW NNE
33. SHODGRASS HILL, COBBLE GUTTER ALONG ROAD, VIEW S
34. SNODGRASS HILL, SECOND MINNESOTA MONUMENT, VIEW NE
35. VISITOR CENTER, CONTEMPORARY WING, VIEW NW
36. VISITOR CENTER, OLD BUILDING, VIEW SW
37. LAFAYETTE ROAD BRIDGE NEAR VISITOR CENTER, ELEVATION VIEW E
38. LAFAYETTE ROAD BRIDGE NEAR VISITOR CENTER, DECK VIEW SSE
39. LAFAYETTE ROAD BRIDGE NEAR VISITOR CENTER, UNDERSIDE VIEW NW
40. TYPICAL STONE REVETMENT STRUCTURE FOR RAISED ROADWAYS LOCATED THROUGHOUT THE PARK, ca. 1890s
41. STONE GUTTERS BEING PLACED ALONG AT GRADE ROAD CUT, ca. 1890s.
42. STONE CULVERT CONSTRUCTION ON THE FORREST ROAD, ca. 1890s.
43. HORSE-DRAWN GRAVEL SPREADER, ca. 1890s.
44. HORSE-DRAWN ROLLER, ca. 1890s.
45. STEAM ROLLER, OWNED BY THE PARK, IN OPERATION, ca. 1900.
46. CAST-IRON C.S.A. BATTERY MARKER.
47. CAST-IRON DIRECTIONAL MARKER.
48. TRAIL THROUGH THE WOODS ALONG KELLY (BATTLELINE) ROAD.
49. CONSTRUCTION OF ALEXANDER'S BRIDGE, ca. 1907.
50. REED'S BRIDGE.
51. McLEMORE COVE ROAD WITH CULVERT.
52. RINGGOLD BRIDGE AND COVE ROAD UNDER CONSTRUCTION.
53. RINGGOLD BRIDGE.
54. PEAVINE CREEK BRIDGE.
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