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Water Power Development at Falls of Chattahoochee, Chattahoochee River, Columbus, Muscogee County, GA



See 16 maps of this location


B&W Photos

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Data Pages


Drawings


Item Title


Location
Chattahoochee River, Columbus, GA

Find maps of Columbus, GA


Created/Published
Documentation compiled after 1968.

Notes
Survey number HAER GA-22
Building/structure dates: 1828 initial construction
Building/structure dates: 1834 subsequent work
Building/structure dates: 1900 subsequent work
Significance: As the Chattahoochee crosses the fall line at Columbus, Georgia, it falls 125 feet within 2 1/2 miles producing a potential energy of between 66,000 and 99,000 horsepower. That water power made Columbus one of the leading industrial centers within the South, attracting investors and entrepreneurs. As early as 1828 the river powered a grist mill and by the 1840s it supplied power for several textile mills. By 1880 Muscogee h.p. per sq. mile was greater than any other county south of New York. Conversion of that power to electricity began with arc lighting in 1880. The first central station hydroelectric plant started operating in 18894. Since that date, four other dams (1900, 1911, 1928, and 1959) harness the Falls of the Chattahoochee developing 115,000 kilowatts.

Subjects
Slavery
Fires
Indians Of North America


Related Names
Columbus Electric & Power Company
Columbus Railroad Company
Coweta Falls Facotry
Eagle Mill
Eagle & Phenix Manufacturing Company
Gas Light Company Of Columbus


Collection
Historic American Engineering Record (Library of Congress)

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