Rich's Downtown Department Store, 45 Broad Street, Atlanta, Fulton County, GA
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45 Broad Street, Atlanta, GA
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Documentation compiled after 1933.
Survey number HABS GA-2290
Unprocessed field note material exists for this structure (N1051; N788).
Building/structure dates: 1924 initial construction
Building/structure dates: 1994 subsequent work
Building/structure dates: 1946 subsequent work
Building/structure dates: 1935 subsequent work
Building/structure dates: 1937 subsequent work
Building/structure dates: 1939 subsequent work
Significance: The original 1924 building, which has been added to eight times, reflects the appearance of an Italian palazzo, a favorite theme associated with department stores constructed in the early twentieth century. The 1946/1948 Store for Homes addition is one of Atlanta's earliest examples of International Style architecture. The Rich's complex is eligible for listing on the National Register of Historic Places. Rich's is significant as the focus of retail shopping in downtown Atlanta since the store's opening in 1924, and as the location from which Civil Rights leader Martin Luther King, Jr. was arrested following a sit-in as Rich's Magnolia Room restaurant, leading to his first night ever spent in jail.
Hentz, Reid & Adler
King, Martin Luther
Federated Department Stores
M. Rich & Brothers
Stevens & Wilkinson
Almand, Jennifer, Photographer
Historic American Buildings Survey (Library of Congress)
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