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Martin Luther King, Jr. National Historic Site, Smith-Charleston House, 509 Auburn Avenue Northeast, Atlanta, Fulton County, GA



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Item Title


Location
509 Auburn Avenue Northeast, Atlanta, GA

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Created/Published
Documentation compiled after 1933.

Notes
Survey number HABS GA-2169-D
Unprocessed field note material exists for this structure (FN-79).
Building/structure dates: 1930 initial construction
National Register Number: 74000677
Significance: The Martin Luther King, Jr. National Historic Site is located in one of the oldest neighborhoods in Atlanta - the Upper Auburn Avenue area. Originally called Wheat Street in honor of one of Atlanta's pre-Civil War merchants. The name was changed in 1893 to the more stylish Auburn Avenue. As early as the 1880's Auburn Avenue became the center of Atlanta's black business and professional community. The interrelationship of residential, commercial, and religious architecture together with the strong black cultural history is representative of the life and work of Dr. King to the extent that the area was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1977 and a unit of the National Park Service in 1980. The Smith-Charleston home, a four-unit, frame apartment building was built ca. 1925-1930 on the site of an earlier house, occupied by Annie Smith. The apartment building has been occupied by tenants of only 5 or 10 years duration except for William Thelma Charleston, who lived there from 1940 to 1980...

Subjects
African Americans
Houses


Collection
Historic American Buildings Survey (Library of Congress)

Contents
Photograph caption(s): 
General view
General (closer) view of house
North front
North front and West side view
View of rear
View of rear and West side
3/4 view of rear and West side


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