U.S. Naval Air Station, Locomotive Shed, South Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL
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South Avenue, Pensacola, FL
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Documentation compiled after 1933.
Survey number HABS FL-498
Building/structure dates: 1908 initial construction
Significance: Constructed in 1908 as the Locomotive Shed, Building No. 51 served in a support role for the Pensacola Navy Yard until the yard's closure in 1911 and for NAS Pensacola from 1914 until present time. The original architectural plans were developed by the Navy's Bureau of Yards and Docks (BuDocks). The contractor is unknown. The Pensacola Navy Yard experienced a relative increase in construction activity in the twelve years between the end of the Spanish-American War in 1898 and the closure of the yard in 1911. Officials at the Pensacola Navy Yard had slowly pieced together a rail system over a period of several decades to more efficiently transport heavy equipment, coal, and watercraft along the station's sandy shores. By 1907, the yard featured two miles of tracks, two locomotives, and other rail-based equipment requiring maintenance and protection from the elements. Allocations for the Locomotive Shed in 1907 resulted in a structure that could house and repair two locomotives simultaneously. The building served in a transportation support role until the late 1950s. From the mid-1970s on, the building served as the Fire Extinguisher Repair and Storage facility. The utilitarian one-story, rectangular-plan, load-bearing masonry building features a shallow, gabled roof with decorative brick detailing at the east and west parapets and along the cornice, and cast-iron lintels over windows and door openings. Alterations include the replacement of the original rolling doors on the east facade, and the filling in of the door openings on the west, probably after 1926. Original wood-sash windows have been replaced with narrow, metal windows in sets of three in each of the four openings on the north and south facades. A small concrete-block, shed-roof enclosure was added prior to 1967. Interior alterations include the installation of a mezzanine level in the west half of the building sometime during the 1980s and 1990s. Despite the alterations, Building No. 51 remains compatible in form, massing, fenestration pattern, and scale to its original design. Building No. 51 is located in the southeastern section of NAS Pensacola, within the boundaries of the Pensacola Naval Air Station Historic District, which is listed in the National Register of Historic Places. The National Park Service designated this district as a National Historic Landmark (NHL) in 1976. Building No. 51 remains a contributing element in the historic district.
Chacon, Olivia, Historian
Ross, Jennifer, Historian
Historic American Buildings Survey (Library of Congress)
CONTEXTUAL VIEW FACING SOUTHWEST.
CONTEXTUAL VIEW FACING NORTHEAST.
OBLIQUE VIEW OF FRONT AND NORTH SIDES FACING SOUTHWEST.
FRONT SIDE FACING WEST.
OBLIQUE VIEW OF EAST AND SOUTH SIDES FACING NORTHWEST.
OBLIQUE VIEW OF SOUTH AND WEST SIDES FACING NORTHEAST.
WEST SIDE FACING EAST.
NORTH SIDE FACING SOUTH
DETAIL OF DOOR ON NORTH SIDE FACING SOUTH.
DETAIL OF WINDOW ON SOUTH SIDE, EAST END FACING NORTH.
Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" copy of an 8" x 10" negative; 1807 architectural drawing located at NAS Pensacola, Florida, Building No. 51) LOCOMOTIVE SHED FOR THE U.S. NAVY YARD, PENSACOLA FLA., PLANS AND ELEVATIONS, SHEET 1 OF 3
Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" copy of an 8" x 10" negative; 1987 architectural drawing located at NAS Pensacola, Florida, Building No. 51) EMERGENCY POWER TO BUILDING NO. 51, SHEET 1 OF 1
Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" copy of an 8" x 10" negative; 2005 architectural drawing located at NAS Pensacola, Florida, Building No. 51) BUILDING NO. 51, FIRE EXTINGUISHER REPAIR/STORAGE, FIRST LEVEL FLOOR PLAN
Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" copy of an 8" x 10" negative; 2005 architectural drawing located at NAS Pensacola, Florida, Building No. 51) BUILDING NO. 51, FIRE EXTINGUISHER REPAIR/STORAGE, SECOND LEVEL FLOOR PLAN
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