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Pensacola

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U.S. Naval Air Station, Coal Shed, 499 South Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL



See 19 maps of this location


B&W Photos

HB324424

HB324425

HB324426


Data Pages


Photo Caption Pages


Item Title


Location
499 South Avenue, Pensacola, FL

Find maps of Pensacola, FL


Created/Published
Documentation compiled after 1933.

Notes
Survey number HABS FL-247
Building/structure dates: 1872 initial construction
National Register Number: 76000595
Significance: Building No. 27, constructed as a Coal House at the Pensacola Navy Yard in 1872, served vital mission-support roles at both the navy yard and, later, at NAS Pensacola. Its original purpose was to store huge amounts of coal to fuel the steam-driven engines of naval vessels, which were supplied via a long wharf providing direct access from the Coal House to Pensacola Bay. The brick building also stored coal for powering the navy yard's machinery. The ability to safely store more than a year's worth of coal at the yard protected the Navy from sudden shortage or price increases that could cripple the yard and the naval squadrons depend upon its resources. Prior to the closure of the yard in 1911, Building No. 27 stored lumber, while coal was kept in open bins near the wharf. After the Pensacola Navy Yard's closure in 1911 and the establishment of Naval Aeronautical Station Pensacola in 1914, the former Coal House was adapted to the new aeronautic mission of the station by conversion to a hangar for seaplanes and other early aircraft. During World War II, the building housed offices, workshops, and headquarters for aircraft squadrons, and later supported aviation operations as a workshop and storehouse until 1971, when the building house the station's commissary warehouse and related office. Building No. 27 supported NAS Pensacola operations in the 1980s and 1990s as office and administrative space, as well as an addiction treatment center. It later served a a photo lab and studio for the NAS Pensacola PAO and storage for the USAF water survival equipment. Despite interior and exterior changes made over the years to accommodate its changing missions, the building remained an excellent example of late nineteenth century industrial architecture, typical of other brick buildings constructed at the Pensacola Navy Yard. In 2004, Building No. 27 was seriously damaged during Hurricane Ivan, resulting in disuse.Building No. 27 is an excellent example of the industrial buildings in use at the Pensacola Navy Yard and other military installations in the mid-nineteenth century. With its symmetrical form, engaged pilasters and brick cornice, it is similar in feeling to other utilitarian buildings at the heart of the old navy yard, including Building No. 1, Building No. 38, and Building No. 18. Building No. 27 is included within the Pensacola Naval Air Station Historic District.

Subjects
Paintings (photocopies)
Offices
Warehouses


Collection
Historic American Buildings Survey (Library of Congress)

Contents
Photograph caption(s): 
1. GENERAL VIEW OF COAL SHED, FACING EAST
2. NORTH AND WEST SIDES
3. WEST AND SOUTH SIDES
Contextual view facing southeast.
Contextual view facing southwest.
Contextual view facing west.
Oblique of North front and West side facing southeast.
North front facing south.
Oblique view of North front and East side facing southwest.
Oblique view of East side facing southwest.
Oblique view of East and South sides facing northwest.
South side facing north.
Detail of North front entry facing southeast.
Detail of window bays and gable at North end, West side facing northeast.
Detail of railway tracks and Southwest corner facing north.
Interior view facing northeast.
Interior view facing south.
Interior detail of brick column facing southwest.
Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8 x 10 copy of an 8 x 10 negative; 1872 original architectural drawing located at National Archives and Records Administration [NARA]) Plan of Coal House No. 27
Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8 x 10 copy of an 8 x 10 negative; microfilm 1898 architectural drawing located at NARA) Side elevation of coaling wharf
Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8 x 10 copy of an 8 x 10 negative; microfilm 1898 architectural drawing located at NARA) End elevation and details of coaling wharf
Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8 x 10 copy of an 8 x 10 negative; microfilm 1900 architectural drawing located at NARA) Wood trestle and tower for coaling wharf
Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8 x 10 copy of an 8 x 10 negative; 1915 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) Building No. 27, Aeroplane door, Sheet No. 1
Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8 x 10 copy of an 8 x 10 negative; microfilm of ca.1915 architectural drawing located at NARA) Details of Kinnear steel rolling doors for U.S. Navy Aeronautic station building No. 27
Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8 x 10 copy of an 8 x 10 negative; microfilm 1917 architectural drawing located at NARA) Observation tower on building No. 27, Sheet No. 1
Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8 x 10 copy of an 8 x 10 negative; ca 1939 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) Building No. 27 Steam Heating
Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8 x 10 copy of an 8 x 10 negative; 1940 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) Building No. 27, Alterations and additions, Floor plans, elevations and detail sections, Sheet 1 of 3
Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8 x 10 copy of an 8 x 10 negative; 1942 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) Observation tower on Building No. 27, sheet 1 of 3
Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8 x 10 copy of an 8 x 10 negative; 1962 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) Air conditioning in building No. 27, plan, elevations and vicinity map, Sheet 1 of 4
Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8 x 10 copy of an 8 x 10 negative; 1971 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) Aterations to commissar Building No. 27, Sheet 1 of 4
Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8 x 10 copy of an 8 x 10 negative; 1971 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) Alterations to Building No. 27, clothing and small stores area, plans, sections and details, Sheet 1 of 2
Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8 x 10 copy of an 8 x 10 negative; 1984 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) Install automatic sprinkler system in Building No. 27, floor plans, Sheet 1 of 2
Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8 x 10 copy of an 8 x 10 negative; 1997 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) Renovated office space, Building No. 27, new first floor plan, Sheet 2 of 9
Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8 x 10 copy of an 8 x 10 negative; 1997 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) Renovated office space, Building No. 27, new second floor plan, sections, details, Sheet 3 of 9


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