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True Reformer Building, 1200 U Street Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC



See 37 maps of this location


B&W Photos

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Data Pages


Photo Caption Pages


Supplemental Material


Item Title


Location
1200 U Street Northwest, Washington, DC

Find maps of Washington, DC


Created/Published
Documentation compiled after 1933.

Notes
Survey number HABS DC-362
Building/structure dates: 1903 initial construction
Building/structure dates: 1960 subsequent work
Significance: The True Reformer Building was probably the first building in the United States to have gone through all of the design, financing,and construction processes using only the talents and resources of the black community. It was designed by John A. Lankford, the first twentieth century black professional architect in the District of Columbia. The building itself is representative of turn-of-the-century fraternal mutual aid organizations which have been described by the historian August Meier [In his Negro Thought in America, 1880-1915: Racial Ideologies in the Age of Booker T. Washington (Ann Arbor, Michigan, 19630, . 137] as second only to churches as important centers for racial self-help and cooperation in that racially difficult era. The dignified four story building also represents the Afro-American's contribution to monumental architecture at the time public and private Washington was being revitalized as a result of the McMillan Commission proposals.

Subjects
Armories
Offices
Drugstores


Related Names
Lankford, John A.
Bolling & Everett
Knights Of Pythias
Boys Club Of Metro Police


Collection
Historic American Buildings Survey (Library of Congress)

Contents
Photograph caption(s): 
1. EAST AND NORTH (FRONT) FACADES
2. NORTH AND WEST FACADES
3. WEST FACADE WITH SIGN
4. DETAIL, PLAQUE ON EAST FACADE
5. DETAIL, NORTH FACADE ENTRANCE
6. BASEMENT, FACING SOUTH
7. FIRST FLOOR INTERIOR
8. SECOND FLOOR STAIRWAY IN NORTHWEST CORNER
9. SECOND FLOOR AUDITORIUM FROM BALCONY FACING SOUTH
10. SECOND FLOOR AUDITORIUM FROM BALCONY FACING NORTH
11. THIRD FLOOR TYPICAL MEETING ROOM
12. THIRD FLOOR MEETING ROOM FACING WEST
13. FOURTH FLOOR BOXING ROOM FACING SOUTH
14. FOURTH FLOOR BOXING ROOM FACING NORTHEAST


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