Historic Photographs

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L'Enfant-McMillan Plan of Washington, DC, Washington, District of Columbia, DC



See 38 maps of this location


B&W Photos

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Data Pages


Drawings


Photo Caption Pages


Item Title


Location
DC, Washington, DC

Find maps of Washington, DC


Created/Published
Documentation compiled after 1933.

Notes
Survey number HABS DC-668
Significance: The historic plan of Washington, designed by Pierre L'Enfant in 1791 as the site of the Federal City, represents the sole American example of a comprehensive baroque city plan with a coordinated system of radiating avenues, parks and vistas laid over an orthogonal system. Influenced by the designs of several European cities and 18th century gardens such as France's Palace of Versailles, the plan was symbolic and innovative for the new nation...The foremost manipulation of L'Enfant's plan began in the late 19th century, and was codified in 1901 with the McMillan Commission, which directed urban improvements that resulted in the most elegant example of City Beautiful tenets in the nation. L'Enfant's plan was magnified and expanded during the early decades of the 20th century with the reclamation of land for waterfront parks, parkways, and improved Mall, and new monuments and vistas. 200 years since its design, the integrity of the plan is largely unimpaired - boasting a legally enforced height restriction, landscaped parks, wide avenues, and open space allowing intended vistas.

Subjects
Cities & Towns


Collection
Historic American Buildings Survey (Library of Congress)

Contents
Photograph caption(s): 
DC-668-1 AERIAL VIEW LOOKING SOUTHEAST DOWN THE MOUNT PLEASANT AND 17TH STREET CORRIDORS (Photograph has been enlarged from a 4x5 negative)
DC-668-2 AERIAL VIEW LOOKING SOUTH DOWN THE NORTH CAPITOL STREET CORRIDOR FROM ABOVE THE MICHIGAN AVENUE VICINITY (Photograph has been enlarged from a 4x5 negative)ING NORTH ALONG SIXTEENTH STREET
DC-668-3 AERIAL VIEW LOOKING SOUTHWEST INTO THE CITY FROM THE BEND IN NORTH CAPITOL STREET IN THE MICHIGAN AVENUE VICINITY (Photograph has been enlarged from a 4x5 negative)
DC-668-4 AERIAL VIEW LOOKING SLIGHTLY SOUTHEAST DOWN THE NORTH CAPITOL STREET CORRIDOR FROM ABOVE THE RHODE ISLAND AVENUE VICINITY
DC-668-5 AERIAL VIEW LOOKING SOUTH DOWN THE NORTH CAPITOL STREET CORRIDOR FROM ABOVE THE RHODE ISLAND AVENUE VICINITY
DC-668-5 AERIAL VIEW LOOKING SOUTHWEST INTO THE CITY TOWARD THE ROBERT F. KENNEDY STADIUM FROM ABOVE THE EAST SHORE OF THE ANACOSTIA RIVER (Photograph has been enlarged from a 4x5 negative)
DC-668-7 AERIAL VIEW OF THE SOUTHEAST QUADRANT, LOOKING NORTHWEST FROM ABOVE THE ANACOSTIA RIVER (Photograph has been enlarged from a 4x5 negative)
DC-668-8 AERIAL VIEW OF THE SOUTHWEST QUADRANT, LOOKING NORTHEAST FROM OVER THE WATERFRONT
DC-668-9 AERIAL VIEW OF THE SOUTHWEST QUADRANT, LOOKING NORTHEAST
DC-668-10 AERIAL VIEW OF THE TENTH STREET CORRIDOR AND L'ENFANT PLAZA, LOOKING NORTH
DC-668-11 AERIAL VIEW OF THE TENTH STREET CORRIDOR AND BANNEKER CIRCLE, LOOKING NORTH FROM OVER THE POTOMAC RIVER
DC-668-12 AERIAL VIEW OF THE 14TH AND 15TH STREET CORRIDORS, LOOKING NORTH FROM ABOVE EAST POTOMAC PARK TOWARD THE MALL AND BEYOND
DC-668-13 AERIAL VIEW OF THE NORTHWEST QUADRANT, LOOKING NORTH UP THE 2 3RD STREET CORRIDOR FROM ABOVE WEST POTOMAC PARK
DC-668-14 AERIAL VIEW OF THE CAPITOL REFLECTING POOL, LOOKING NORTHEAST UP LOUISIANA AVENUE TOWARD UNION STATION FROM ABOVE THE MALL
DC-668-15 AERIAL VIEW OF THE THIRD STREET CORRIDOR, OR THE CENTER LEG FREEWAY, LOOKING SOUTH FROM ABOVE I STREET, NW
DC-668-16 AERIAL VIEW OF THE NORTH CAPITOL STREET CORRIDOR, LOOKING SOUTH FROM ABOVE MASSACHUSETTS AVENUE
DC-668-17 VIEW NORTH UP THE NORTH CAPITOL STREET CORRIDOR FROM THE DOME OF THE U.S. CAPITOL
DC-668-18 VIEW SOUTH DOWN THE SOUTH CAPITOL STREET CORRIDOR FROM THE DOME OF THE U.S. CAPITOL
DC-658-19 VIEW NORTHWEST ALONG THE POTOMAC RIVERFRONT AND INTO GEORGETOWN FROM THE ROOF OF THE JOHN F. KENNEDY CENTER FOR THE PERFORMING ARTS
DC-668-20 VISTA EAST ALONG M STREET TO THOMAS CIRCLE FROM RESERVATION NO. 14 0 AT NEW HAMPSHIRE AVENUE AND 21ST STREET, NW
DC-668-21 VIEW NORTHWEST TOWARD RESERVATION NO. 715 AND THE E STREET EXPRESSWAY ENTRY AT 19TH AND E STREETS, NW FROM THE ROOF OF THE DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR.
DC-668-22 VIEW SOUTH TOWARD VIRGINIA AVENUE AND TO WEST POTOMAC PARK BEYOND FROM THE ROOF OF THE DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR AT 19TH AND C STREETS, NW
DC-668-23 VISTA EAST ALONG F STREET TO THE OLD EXECUTIVE OFFICE BUILDING IN RESERVATION NO. 1 FROM 18TH STREET, NW
DC-668-24 VISTA WEST ALONG F STREET TO THE U.S. TREASURY IN RESERVATION NO. 1 FROM 13TH STREET, NW
DC-668-25 VISTA SOUTH ALONG TENTH STREET TO THE MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY FROM H STREET, NW
DC-668-26 VISTA NORTH ALONG TENTH STREET TO THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA CONVENTION CENTER FROM PENNSYLVANIA, NW
DC-668-27 VISTA EAST ON F STREET TO UNION STATION FROM THE PEDESTRIAN PLAZA BETWEEN SEVENTH AND NINTH STREETS, NW
VIEW OF THE H STREET CORRIDOR BRIDGED BY THE CHINATOWN ARCH, LOOKING EAST FROM SEVENTH STREET, NW
DC-668-29 VISTA SOUTH ON SIXTH STREET TO THE NATIONAL GALLERY OF ART FROM E STREET, NW
DC-668-30 VISTA NORTHEAST ON LOUISIANA AVENUE TO UNION STATION FROM CONSTITUTION AVENUE, NW
DC-668-31 VIEW NORTH ON NORTH CAPITOL STREET FORM THE U.S. CAPITOL GROUNDS
DC-668-32 VISTA SOUTH ON NORTH CAPITOL STREET TO THE CAPITOL FORM Q STREET
DC-668-33 VISTA WEST ON F STREET TO THE U.S. TREASURY FORM THE ROOF OF UNION STATION
DC-668-34 VISTA WEST ON CONSTITUTION AVENUE TOWARD VIRGINIA FROM NEAR DELAWARE AVENUE, NE
DC-668-35 VIEW SOUTH ON SOUTH CAPITOL STREET FORM THE CAPITOL GROUNDS
DC-668-36 VISTA NORTH ON SOUTH CAPITOL STREET TO THE CAPITOL FROM M STREET
DC-668-37 VISTA NORTH ON SOUTH CAPITOL STREET TO THE CAPITOL FROM Q STREET
DC-668-38 VIEW WEST ON INDEPENDENCE AVENUE FROM NEAR SOUTH CAPITOL STREET
DC-668-39 VISTA NORTH ON FOURTH STREET TO THE NATIONAL BUILDING MUSEUM IN JUDICIARY SQUARE FORM I STREET, SW
DC-668-40 VIEW EAST ON THE SOUTHEAST/SOUTHWEST FREEWAY (IN THE HISTORIC F STREET CORRIDOR) FROM THE TENTH STREET PROMENADE, SW
DC-668-41 VIEW NORTH ON THE TENTH STREET PROMENADE SHOWING THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY BUILDING BLOCKING THE VISTA TO THE SMITHSONIAN CASTLE WITH THE BANNEKER CIRCLE (RESERVATION NO. 719) FOUNTAIN IN THE FOREGROUND
DC-668-42 VIEW WEST FROM BANNEKER CIRCLE (RESERVATION NO. 719) TO THE DOME OF THE JEFFERSON MEMORIAL IN WEST POTOMAC PARK
DC-668-43 VIEW OF THE INDEPENDENCE AVENUE CORRIDOR SPANNED BY THE •DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE BRIDGES, LOOKING WEST FROM TWELFTH STREET, SW
DC-668-44 ORIGINAL DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA BOUNDARY STONE
View from U.S. Capitol looking West at Mall and Washington Monument
View from U.S. Capitol showing south side of Mall and Arboretum
View from U.S. Capitol showing Jefferson Building of Library of Congress
View from U.S. Capitol showing Jefferson Building of Library of Congress and U.S. Supreme Court
View from U.S. Capitol showing Jefferson Building of Library of Congress and U.S. Supreme Court
View from U.S. Capitol showing U.S. Supreme Court
View from U.S. Capitol showing U.S. Supreme Court
View from U.S. Capitol looking south at Rayburn House Office Building
View from U.S. Capitol looking south at Rayburn House Office Building and Longworth House Office Building
View from U.S. Capitol looking south at Longworth House Office Building and Cannon House Office Building
View from U.S. Capitol looking north showing City Post Office Building (now National Postal Museum), Union Station, and the Marshall Federal Judiciary Building
View from U.S. Capitol looking north showing Union Station and City Post Office Building (now National Postal Museum)
View from U.S. Capitol looking northwest
View from U.S. Capitol looking northwest towards Pension Building, showing Capitol Grounds
View from U.S. Capitol looking down Pennsylvania Avenue, showing north half of National Mall
View down 15th Street N.W. showing Treasury Building and Washington Monument
View from White House showing Lafayette Square
View from White House looking north across Lafayette Square and north on 16th Street
View from White House showing President's Park
View from White House showing President's Park
View from White House showing Eisenhower Executive Building and President's Park
View from White House showing Eisenhower Executive Building, looking northwest
View from White House looking northeast showing American Securities Bank and the United States Treasury Department
View from White House looking northeast showing American Securities Bank and the United States Treasury Department
View from White House showing United States Treasury Building with U.S. Capitol in distance
View from White House showing The Ellipse and Washington Monument


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