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Putnam Manufacturing Company Workers' Houses, 305-317 Church Street, Putnam, Windham County, CT



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Data Pages


Item Title


Location
305-317 Church Street, Putnam, CT

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Created/Published
Documentation compiled after 1933.

Notes
Survey number HABS CT-361
Significance: The three dwellings are typical examples of mill-worker housing and were associated with a locally important manufacturing concern. The houses represent two building episodes: 305 Church Street is a small post-and-beam framed house probably built around 1847; it includes the simple Greek Revival details, such as corner pilasters and an entablature at the eaves, common in the period. The other two houses are plainer, stick-framed structures built about 1865. All share the gable-roofed form, clapboarded exteriors, symmetrical facades, and multiple entries characteristic of detached New England textile mill housing. Putnam Manufacturing Company was one of several medium-sized textile firms which collectively formed the economic lifeblood of Putnam, Connecticut. With power from the Quinebaug River and labor from French Canadian immigrants, these companies transformed the area from a nameless locale in 1800 to Windham County's second largest city in 1920. Putnam Manufacturing was an integrated textile company making cotton sheetings and later, lawns and sateens. It was active from 1865 to 1925 and employed about 250 people at its height.

Collection
Historic American Buildings Survey (Library of Congress)

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