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Sacramento National Wildlife Refuge, Headquarters Complex, 752 County Road 99W, Willows, Glenn County, CA



See 19 maps of this location


Item Title
Sacramento National Wildlife Refuge, Headquarters Complex, 752 County Road 99W, Willows, Glenn County, CA

Location
752 County Road 99W, Willows, CA

Find maps of Willows, CA


Created/Published
Documentation compiled after 1933.

Notes
Survey number HABS CA-2778
Building/structure dates: 1909 initial construction
Building/structure dates: 1939 subsequent work
Building/structure dates: 1940 initial construction
Building/structure dates: 1942 subsequent work
Building/structure dates: 1979 subsequent work
Significance: Quarters No. 2 and Garage at the Sacramento NWR are associated with the work of the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC). The CCC completed projects critical to the development of the refuge for waterfowl and other wildlife. The work of the CCC is recognized as important to the nation, especially because it was completed in a period of desperation, and fostered a renewed sense of pride and self-worth for the men and the country. Camp Sacramento (BF-2) was established on the Sacramento NWR on May 15, 1937, with Company 2932 beginning the work projects. The following year they were replaced by a Veterans group, Company 1920, who remained at the refuge until the program ended in July 1942. The maximum number of 200 men were enrolled at the camp at its peak. During their combined 5 1/2 years occupation, the two companies built the infrastructure of the Sacramento NWR, including two residences, a garage, service building, water tank tower, office, barn, duck hospital, pump house, oil house, and lookout tower. A tally of their accomplishments includes construction of 52 water control and road structures, one diversion dam, one combination bridge and dam, miles of dikes, roads, canals, and fence, and building the headquarters complex. The enrollees built numerous waterfowl resting and nesting islands, planted 1,800 acres of grasses to provide food for wildlife, and collected seeds for replanting and for distribution to other refuges. Brush shelters were built to provide habitat for upland birds. All these projects improved habitat for wildlife.

Subjects
Wildlife Refuge
Complexes


Related Names
Glenn, Dr. Hugh J.
Darling, Jay
Slayer, J. Clark
Gregson
Civilian Conservation Corps
Speulda, Lou Ann, Historian


Collection
Historic American Buildings Survey (Library of Congress)

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