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Santa%25252BClara

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Agnews State Hospital, 4000 Lafayette Road, Santa Clara, Santa Clara County, CA



See 20 maps of this location


B&W Photos

HB193041
BWPhotos 377034

HB193042
BWPhotos 377035

HB193043
BWPhotos 377036

HB193044
BWPhotos 377037

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BWPhotos 377038

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BWPhotos 377039

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BWPhotos 377040

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BWPhotos 377041

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BWPhotos 377042

HB193050
BWPhotos 377043

HB193051
BWPhotos 377044

HB193052
BWPhotos 377045

HB193053
BWPhotos 377046

HB193054
BWPhotos 377047

HB193055
BWPhotos 377048

HB193056
BWPhotos 377049

HB193057
BWPhotos 377050

HB193058
BWPhotos 377051

HB193059
BWPhotos 377052

HB193060
BWPhotos 377053

HB193061
BWPhotos 377054

HB193062
BWPhotos 377055

HB193063
BWPhotos 377056


Drawings


Item Title


Location
4000 Lafayette Road, Santa%25252BClara, CA

Find maps of Santa%25252BClara, CA


Created/Published
Documentation compiled after 1933.

Notes
Survey number HABS CA-2710
Building/structure dates: 1906 initial construction
Building/structure dates: 1998 subsequent work
Significance: Agnews was the first state hospital in the California system to adopt modern methods of treating mental patients on a large scale and was a widely recognized model of a progressive hospital. Dr. Leonard Stocking was superintendent of Agnews from 1904 to 1931. He was a strong leader who rebuilt Agnews after the earthquake of 1906 as a widely recognized model of a progressive state mental hospital. He was widely recognized as the "dean of psychiatrists in California." Agnews was the first hospital facility in California designed to accommodate progressive, humane approaches to treatment. Agnews served as a model for the construction of later hospitals. Agnews followed international precedents for scientific design based on the use of pavilions and was decentralized to provide several specialized buildings for different treatment purposes and different types of patients. Its small, low-scale buildings were designed to bring light and air to patients. Agnews embodied the distinctive characteristics of a mental hospital in that important period. It also represented the work of the office of the State Architect when the State Architect was the largest architectural office in California. It was an early example in the United States of a group of reinforced concrete buildings. And, it possessed high artistic value in its use of Beaux Arts and Garden City planning principles and in the eclectic style of its buildings which includes elements of the Arts and Crafts movement and northern European vernacular design.

Related Names
Stocking, Dr. Leonard
Wolfe, Frank D.
Sellon, George
McDougall, George B.
Porter, William A., Photographer
Stock, Jody, Historian
Corbett, Michael, Historian


Collection
Historic American Buildings Survey (Library of Congress)

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