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Santa%2525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252BClara

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Agnews State Hospital, Women's Convalescent Home, West Side of South Circle Drive, Santa Clara, Santa Clara County, CA



See 30 maps of this location


B&W Photos

HB193286
BWPhotos 377093

HB193287
BWPhotos 377094

HB193288
BWPhotos 377095

HB193289
BWPhotos 377096

HB193290
BWPhotos 377097

HB193291
BWPhotos 377098

HB193292
BWPhotos 377099

HB193293
BWPhotos 377100


Item Title
BWPhotos 377100

Location
West Side of South Circle Drive, Santa%2525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252BClara, CA

Find maps of Santa%2525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252BClara, CA


Created/Published
Documentation compiled after 1933.

Notes
Survey number HABS CA-2710-F
Building/structure dates: 1914 initial construction
Building/structure dates: 1984 subsequent work
Building/structure dates: 1998 demolished
Significance: Building 6 is significant as an integral component of the reconstruction of Agnews State Hospital in a pavilion plan. The 1908 design for the hospital represented not only a reconfiguration of buildings into smaller structures in a park-like setting, but an important change in the perspectives on and the treatment of patients. Agnews was the first mental facility in California to switch from the confinement and permanent housing of patients to humane treatment with the hope of release. Building 6, the Women's Convalescent Home, represents the residential portion of the plan. In keeping with the pavilion model, it was constructed as a specialized housing unit surrounded by grass and trees, and each room had ample windows to allow in light and air. Building 6 and its twin, Building 5, the Men's Convalescent Home, were the last step in a residential system that progressed from housing for patients with the most debilitating mental illnesses to those preparing to leave the hospital. In the Convalescent Homes patients were given more freedom and responsibility. An attendant supervised the home, but patients did the cooking, serving, and cleaning thereby learning basic living skills they would need in the community. In addition, Building 6 and the other structures from the 1908 plan are important as early attempts to use reinforced concrete as an earthquake and fire-resistant material.

Related Names
Porter, William A., Photographer
Stock, Jody, Historian
Corbett, Michael, Historian


Collection
Historic American Buildings Survey (Library of Congress)

Contents


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