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Orick

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Prairie Creek Fish Hatchery, Hwy. 101, Orick, Humboldt County, CA



Data Pages


Photo Caption Pages


Item Title


Location
Hwy. 101, Orick, CA

Find maps of Orick, CA


Created/Published
Documentation compiled after 1968.

Notes
Survey number HAER CA-334
Significance: The Prairie Creek Fish Hatchery (PCFH) is representative of the nature of pre-World War II functions of hatcheries in California and illustrative of significant changes in hatchery goals and infrastructure in postwar years. Although built in the 1930s, it has more in common with 19th century hatchery facilities than it does with those built after 1946. Attributes it shared with earlier hatcheries were its small size, localized region of release, design to hatch and release fingerlings, purpose to stock streams rather than mitigate dam construction, provision of housing for workers, dependence on simple technology with minimal need for power, and funding through fishing licenses and related fees. Its period of significance is 1936-1946. Prairie Creek Fish Hatchery is significant as one of only three fish hatcheries known to both survive among the 150 hatcheries built in California from 1871 to 1946 and to still possess integrity. PCFH was among the last built before a major state program of modernization and mechanization begun in 1947.

Subjects
Fish Hatcheries


Collection
Historic American Engineering Record (Library of Congress)

Contents
Photograph caption(s): 
Hatchery complex looking northwest by 295 degrees.
Hatchery complex looking northwest by 305 degrees.
View looking northwest of the main hatchery building with the tank in the foreground. View to the southeast.
Perspective view, Exterior of main hatchery building looking east, northeast.
Perspective view, Exterior of main hatchery building. View to the west, northwest.
Perspective the office, interior of main hatchery building. View to the northwest.
Perspective of laboratory, interior of main hatchery building. View to southwest.
Perspective of tool room, interior of main hatchery building. View to the southwest.
Perspective view of interior main hatchery building, view to west.
Perspective of rearing tanks and work trays, interior of main hatchery building. View to southeast.
Perspective view of interior of the main hatchery building. View to the northwest.
View of foot of troughs showing signs/placards. Interior of main hatchery building, view northwest.
Detail view of troughs, pumps and screens, interior of main hatchery building. View to the west.
Detail of pumps in troughs, detail of truss - attachment to the wall - as well as the troughs themselves. Interior of the main hatchery building, view to the east.
Perspective view of the interior main hatchery building, view to the northeast.
Detail of trough as well as interior wall construction in main hatchery building. View to the northwest.
Detail of interior truss, main hatchery building. View to the east.
Superintendent's quarters with pump house in the foreground and the hatchery in the background. View to the northwest.
Superintendent and assistant superintendent's quarters with the tank in the foreground. View to the southeast.
Perspective of the superintendent's house, assistant superintendent's house, and pump house near Highway 101. View to the northeast.
Perspective of the exterior of the assistant superintendent's house with the superintendent's house in the background. View to the west, southwest.
Shed and garage, perspective shot, view to the northwest.
Perspective of the garage. View to the north.
Perspective view of the pump house looking south 180 degrees. This is the pump house at the southern most point of the complex.
Interior detail of pump house (1962) at southern most point of the complex.
Pump house adjacent to the superintendent's house at the west end of the complex near Highway 101. Detail of Holloshaft pump. View to the south.
Pump for spawning channels includes a turbine and motor. Turbine is Berkeley H-17500, model 8C2PH, Serial No. 2889, B.M. No. 4886 - Berkeley Pump Co. The Motor is G.E. Induction Motor, model 5K4256XA3YI, serial no. GAJ728337, Tri-Clad. View looking northeast.
Elevation shot of spawning channels at southern entrance of complex. View to the west.
Detail of spawning channels at south end of complex near entrance. Pump house in background. View to the southeast.
Cement tank feature with Assistant's quarters in the background. View to the northwest.
Elevation shot of large rectangular rearing tanks (pair). Warehouse in the background. View to the north.
Detail of gate, gate slots, and connection between the two segments of the rectangular rearing tank. Pump house (1962) at entrance is in the background. View to the southwest.
Detail of ump that is attached to rectangular rearing tanks (pair). Pump located on the north end of rearing tank. View to the northwest.
Perspective circular rearing ponds on north side of hatchery. View to the west, northwest. Includes view of ditch and step up to hatchery building on left side of image.
Aeration tower/pump. View to the north.


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