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Downey

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NASA Industrial Plant, Systems Integration & Checkout Facility, 12214 Lakewood Boulevard, Downey, Los Angeles County, CA



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Data Pages


Photo Caption Pages


Item Title


Location
12214 Lakewood Boulevard, Downey, CA

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Created/Published
Documentation compiled after 1968.

Notes
Survey number HAER CA-310-W
Building/structure dates: 1965 initial construction
Significance: Building 290 was constructed in 1965 and was significantly used until 1999 when the Downey plant was closed. It was very significant during the Apollo and Space Shuttle programs as a Systems Integration and Checkout facility and served as the final assembly facility for the service and command modules of the Apollo program. Building 290 "was the heart of the Apollo program, combined with Building 6."1Building 290 is also known for housing the world's largest clean room for 9 months before the Soviet Union superseded it with a similar building. Building 290 was the location where the crew module and aft thrust structures were developed for the Apollo program. "In total over 20 vehicles were constructed in the building."2 At one time, a section of Building 290 was converted into dormitories for the astronauts during testing and training for the Apollo Mission.Building 290 was the location of spacecraft assembly and integration for the American Space-Age. Building 290 was used by assemblers, technicians and engineers who worked to create the hardware that was responsible for taking men to the moon and made the International Space Station possible.3 Memorial plaques for all of the astronauts who flew into space during the Space Shuttle program are located at the west facade of Building 290 in order to commemorate their bravery and good works.1 National Aeronautics and Space Administration. "Final Historic Buildings and Structures Inventory and Evaluation, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Industrial Plant Parcels I and II Downey, California." November 1999. Appendix G.2 Ibid.3 Ibid.

Subjects
National Space Program
Space Exploration
Assembly Plants


Collection
Historic American Engineering Record (Library of Congress)

Contents
Photograph caption(s): 
EXTERIOR ROOF DETAIL VIEW, FACING SOUTHEAST.
EXTERIOR ROOF DETAIL VIEW, FACING NORTHWEST.
EXTERIOR WEST SIDE VIEW, FACING SOUTHWEST.
EXTERIOR WEST SIDE VIEW, FACING NORTHEAST.
EXTERIOR NORTHWEST SIDE DETAIL VIEW, FACING SOUTHEAST.
EXTERIOR NORTH SIDE DETAIL VIEW, FACING SOUTHWEST.
EXTERIOR WEST SIDE DETAIL VIEW, FACING NORTHEAST.
EXTERIOR WEST CORNER DETAIL VIEW, FACING SOUTHEAST.
EXTERIOR SOUTHEAST CORNER VIEW, FACING NORTHWEST.
EXTERIOR SOUTH SIDE DETAIL VIEW, FACING NORTHEAST.
INTERIOR HIGH BAY DETAIL VIEW, FACING NORTH.
INTERIOR HIGH BAY DETAIL VIEW, FACING SOUTH.
INTERIOR LOW BAY DETAIL VIEW, FACING SOUTH.
INTERIOR LOW BAY DETAIL VIEW, FACING NORTH.
INTERIOR HIGH BAY NORTH END DETAIL VIEW, FACING NORTH.
INTERIOR HIGH BAY SOUTH END DETAIL VIEW, FACING NORTH.
INTERIOR HIGH BAY PIT AREA DETAIL VIEW, FACING NORTH.
INTERIOR LOW BAY SOUTH END DETAIL VIEW, FACING SOUTHEAST.
INTERIOR HIGH BAY PIT AREA DETAIL VIEW, FACING NORTHEAST.
INTERIOR SOUTH AIR LOCK DETAIL VIEW, FACING EAST.
INTERIOR FIRST FLOOR EAST HALLWAY DETAIL VIEW, FACING SOUTH.
INTERIOR FIRST FLOOR EAST SUPPORT AREA HALLWAY DETAIL VIEW, FACING NORTH.
INTERIOR FIRST FLOOR EAST SUPPORT AREA DETAIL VIEW, FACING SOUTH.
INTERIOR FIRST FLOOR EAST SUPPORT AREA DETAIL VIEW, FACING NORTHWEST.
INTERIOR FIRST FLOOR EAST UTILITY ROOM DETAIL VIEW, FACING SOUTHWEST.
INTERIOR FIRST FLOOR EAST CENTRAL HALLWAY DETAIL VIEW, FACING EAST.
INTERIOR SECOND FLOOR EAST ENGINEERING DESIGN AREA DETAIL VIEW, FACING NORTH.
INTERIOR SECOND FLOOR UTILITY ROOM DETAIL VIEW, FACING SOUTHEAST.
INTERIOR SECOND FLOOR EAST CONFERENCE ROOM DETAIL VIEW, FACING SOUTH.
INTERIOR EAST UNDERGROUND TUNNEL DETAIL VIEW, FACING NORTHEAST.
INTERIOR WEST CENTRAL HALLWAY DETAIL VIEW, FACING NORTH.
INTERIOR SECOND FLOOR WEST LABORATORY DETAIL VIEW, FACING NORTHEAST.
INTERIOR SECOND FLOOR WEST OBSERVATION ROOM DETAIL VIEW, FACING SOUTH.
INTERIOR SECOND FLOOR WEST CONFERENCE ROOM DETAIL VIEW, FACING SOUTHEAST.
INTERIOR SECOND FLOOR WEST HALLWAY DETAIL VIEW, FACING NORTH.
INTERIOR FIRST FLOOR SOUTHEAST STAIRWELL DETAIL VIEW, FACING SOUTHEAST.
INTERIOR FIRST FLOOR NORTHWEST SUPPORT AREA DETAIL VIEW, FACING SOUTH.
INTERIOR FIRST FLOOR WEST ACE AREA DETAIL VIEW, FACING SOUTHWEST.
INTERIOR FIRST FLOOR WEST CENTRAL ELEVATOR LOBBY DETAIL VIEW, FACING SOUTHEAST.


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