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Home > California > Downey > NASA Industrial Plant, Manufacturing & Assembly Plant, 12214 Lakewood Boulevard, Downey, Los Angeles County, CA



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Data Pages


Photo Caption Pages


Item Title


Location
12214 Lakewood Boulevard, Downey, CA

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Created/Published
Documentation compiled after 1968.

Notes
Survey number HAER CA-310-S
Building/structure dates: 1929 initial construction
Significance: Building 1 has a long history of construction. Originally built in 1929, it was continuously remodeled, added on to, and modified up until 1996. Building 1 is the largest building on the Downey site being 1 million square feet in size. Built during a very significant period of history when aircraft production was just beginning, Building 1 was responsible for the housing and construction of many aircraft under the companies EMSCO, and Vultee.The innovative construction of the folding-wing plane by Kinner was once produced in Building 1, and during WWII under the company Vultee Aircraft Inc., 15 percent of the aircraft supplied for the WWII was built at the Downey site. Vultee was the "first aircraft manufacturing plant to use powered assembly lines, including a mechanized overhead conveyor, Vultee was able to produce more planes in a shorter span of time than any other similar plant."1 This conveyor system was located in Building 1.Not only was Building 1 significant during the aircraft age, but also during the age of missile development and research as well as the Apollo and Space Shuttle programs. Building 1 was used for large subassembly and final assembly operations on both aircraft and spacecraft command and service modules. Building 1 was also the earliest location for astronaut dormitories on the Downey site. Building 1 was utilized during the Space Shuttle program and housed the full-scale mock-up of the space shuttle.Building 1 is considered "the administrative and historical "heart" of the NASA Industrial Plant. Beneath this building's roof there are approximately 22 separate building, some of which are part of the original plant constructed in 1929, and all of which contribute to the plants 70-year history of design, production, and testing for the aircraft/aerospace industry."21 National Aeronautics and Space Administration. "Final Historic Buildings and Structures Inventory and Evaluation, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Industrial Plant Parcels I and II Downey, California." November 1999. Ch. 13 Historical Context.2 Ibid.

Subjects
War (World War II)
Military Facilities
Aircraft


Related Names
Kaufmann, Gordon B.
Stanton, J. E.
Stockwell, William F.
Murray, Erick


Collection
Historic American Engineering Record (Library of Congress)

Contents
Photograph caption(s): 
EXTERIOR SOUTH SIDE CONTEXTUAL VIEW, FACING NORTH.
EXTERIOR SOUTHWEST CORNER CONTEXTUAL VIEW, FACING NORTH.
EXTERIOR EAST SIDE VIEW, FACING WEST.
EXTERIOR EAST SIDE VIEW, FACING NORTHWEST.
EXTERIOR NORTH EAST CORNER VIEW, FACING SOUTHWEST.
EXTERIOR NORTH EAST CORNER VIEW, FACING WEST.
EXTERIOR EAST SIDE VIEW (ZONE 8), FACING NORTHWEST.
EXTERIOR SOUTHWEST CORNER VIEW, FACING NORTHEAST.
EXTERIOR WEST SIDE VIEW, FACING SOUTH.
EXTERIOR SOUTHEAST CORNER VIEW, FACING WEST.
EXTERIOR SOUTH SIDE VIEW, FACING EAST.
EXTERIOR NORTH SIDE VIEW, FACING SOUTHEAST.
EXTERIOR NORTHWEST CORNER VIEW, FACING SOUTHEAST.
EXTERIOR EASTSIDE VIEW (ZONE 9), FACING SOUTHWEST.
EXTERIOR EASTSIDE VIEW (ZONE 9), FACING NORTHWEST.
INTERIOR ZONE 8 VIEW, FACING SOUTHWEST.
INTERIOR ZONE 8 VIEW, FACING NORTHWEST.
INTERIOR ZONE 8 OVERALL VIEW, FACING NORTHWEST.
INTERIOR ZONE 8 OVERALL VIEW, FACING SOUTHWEST.
INTERIOR ZONE 7, FACING NORTHWEST.
INTERIOR ZONE 7, FACING NORTHEAST.
INTERIOR ZONE 7, FACING SOUTHWEST.
INTERIOR ZONE 6, FACING SOUTHWEST.
INTERIOR ZONE 9, FACING WEST.
INTERIOR ZONE 9, FACING SOUTHWEST.
INTERIOR ZONE 9, FACING NORTHWEST.
INTERIOR ZONE 8, FACING WEST.
INTERIOR ZONE 8 DETAIL VIEW, FACING NORTHEAST.
INTERIOR ZONE 8 DETAIL VIEW, FACING SOUTHEAST.
INTERIOR ZONE 7 DETAIL VIEW, FACING WEST.
INTERIOR ZONE 7 OVERALL VIEW, FACING SOUTHEAST.
INTERIOR ZONE 3, FACING NORTHEAST.
INTERIOR ZONE 3, FACING NORTHWEST.
INTERIOR ZONE 3, FACING EAST.
INTERIOR ZONE 3, FACING WEST.
INTERIOR ZONE 4, FACING NORTHWEST.
INTERIOR ZONE 4, FACING NORTHEAST.
INTERIOR ZONE.
INTERIOR ZONE.
INTERIOR ZONE 4 DETAIL, FACING NORTHWEST.
INTERIOR ZONE 4 DETAIL VIEW, FACING NORTH.
INTERIOR ZONE 4 HALLWAY VIEW, FACING WEST.
INTERIOR ZONE 6 DETAIL VIEW, FACING SOUTHWEST.
INTERIOR ZONE 4 DETAIL VIEW, FACING NORTH.
INTERIOR ZONE 4 DETAIL VIEW, FACING SOUTH.
INTERIOR ZONE 4 DETAIL VIEW, FACING EAST.
INTERIOR ZONE 5 DETAIL VIEW, FACING SOUTHEAST.
INTERIOR ZONE 5 DETAIL VIEW, FACING SOUTH.
INTERIOR ZONE 5 DETAIL VIEW, FACING NORTHEAST.


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