Historic Photographs

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Boron%25252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252Bvicinity

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Jet Propulsion Laboratory Edwards Facility, Edwards Air Force Base, Boron, Kern County, CA



See 24 maps of this location


B&W Photos

HB152044
Credit Ge

HB152045
Credit Jpl

HB152046
Credit Jpl

HB152047
Credit Jpl

HB152048
Credit Wct

HB152049
Credit Smh

HB152050
Credit Bg


Data Pages


Drawings


Photo Caption Pages


Item Title


Location
Edwards Air Force Base, Boron%25252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252Bvicinity, CA

Find maps of Boron%25252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252525252B, CA


Created/Published
Documentation compiled after 1968.

Notes
Survey number HAER CA-163
Unprocessed field note material exists for this structure (N193; N684).
Building/structure dates: 1962 initial construction
Building/structure dates: 1980 subsequent work
Significance: Operated by the California Institute of Technology, the Jet Propulsion Laboratory Edward Facility was the United States' first university-sponsored research and testing facility for the development of liquid-fueled rocket engines and components. It became a primary national test facility. Experimental liquid propellant combinations were evaluated here, and later solid fuel rocket motors were built and tested here (including motors for the Space Shuttle). It was the site for testing interplanetary space probe engines for noted programs such as Pioneer, Ranger, Surveyor, Mariner, Voyager, and Viking. / Operated by the California Institute of Technology, the Jet Propulsion Laboratory Edwards Facility was the United States' first university-sponsored research and testing facility for the development of liquid-fueled rocket engines and components. It became an important national test facility. Solid-propellant rocket motors were built and tested at the JPL Edwards Test Station, including Space Shuttle nozzles and motors, Syncom 1, 2, and 3 motors, Application Technology Satellites solid rocket motors, and the solid rocket motors for the Surveyor and Voyager lunar and interplanetary probes.

Related Names
Greynald Construction Company
Ruane Corporation
U.S. Department Of The Air Force
California Institute Of Technology
Hudlow, Scott M., Historian
Anderson, Richard K., Historian
Rittermann, Philipp S., Photographer


Collection
Historic American Engineering Record (Library of Congress)

Contents
Photograph caption(s): 
1. Credit GE. Photographic copy of photograph, view looking northeast of JPL Edwards Test Station as it looked in 1945. To the immediate right of the Test Stand 'A' tower stands a concrete monitor building or blockhouse (now Building 4203/E-4) for observation and control of tests. Other frame buildings housed workshop and administrative functions. Long structure behind automobiles was designated 4207/E-8 and was used for instrument repair and storage, a cafeteria, machine and welding shops. To the immediate south of 4207/E-8 were 4200/E-1 (used as an office and photographic laboratory) and 4205/E-6 (guardhouse, with fire extinguisher mounted on it). To the northeast of 4205/E-6 was 4204/E-5 (a propellant storage dock, with shed roof). Buildings ...
2. Credit JPL. Photographic copy of photograph, aerial view looking north at Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Edwards Test Station complex in 1959, shortly after completion of 'D' stand construction and installation of underground tunnel system. Test stands 'A,' 'B,' 'C,' and 'D' are in view; the Control and Recording Center (Building 4221/E-22) is still under construction. (JPL negative no. 384-1917-A, 28 May 1959)
3. Credit JPL. Photographic copy of photograph, aerial view looking south at Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Edwards Test Station complex in 1959, shortly after completion of Test Stand 'D' construction and installation of underground tunnel system. Test Stand 'D' is in the foreground, Test Stand 'A' complex in the background. Roads are as yet unpaved. (JPL negative no. 384-1917-B, 28 May 1959)
4. Credit JPL. Photographic copy of photograph, aerial view looking down at Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Edwards Test Station complex in 1961, with north toward the top of the view. Dd test station has been added to Test Stand 'D,' liquid nitrogen storage facility E-63 has been built, as well as several adjuncts to Test Stand 'C' behind earth barriers, such as oxidizer facility at 4263/E-64 and hydrogen tank at 4264/E-65. (JPL negative no. 384-3003-A, 12 December 1961)
5. Credit WCT. Photographic copy of photograph, aerial view looking north and showing Test Stand 'A' (at bottom), Test Stand 'B' (upper right), and a portion of Test Stand 'C' (top of view). Compare HAER CA-163-1 and 2 and note addition of liquid nitrogen storage tank (Building 4262/E-63) to west of Test Stand 'C' as well as various ancillary facilities located behind earth barriers near Test Stand 'C.' (JPL negative no. 384-3006-A, 12 December 1961)
6. Credit SMH. Photographic copy of photograph, view of rail launcher used for 'Baby Corporal E' missiles on 6 and 7 May 1946 at JPL-Muroc Army Air Base (later Edwards Air Force Base) (This launcher was also used for 'Baby WAC' missiles at Goldstone, [Fort Irwin], California in 1945). Photocopy of 35mm photograph made in December 1994, looking west with Test Stand 'A' immediately behind the rail launcher.
7. Credit BG. Looking northeast from Test Stand 'A' superstructure towards Test Stand 'D' tower (4223/E-24, left background), Test Stand 'C' tower (4217/E-18, center), and Test Stand 'B' (4215/E-16, right foreground).


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