Boxley Grist Mill, Boxley vicinity on State Route 43, Buffalo Nationa, Ponca, Newton County, AR
Buffalo Nationa, Ponca, AR
Find maps of Ponca, AR
Documentation compiled after 1968.
Survey number HAER AR-3
Unprocessed field note material exists for this structure (FN-7; N737).
Building/structure dates: 1870 initial construction
Significance: The Boxley Grist Mill is an example of a once common industry which provided custom milling services in rural areas. The mill, though deteriorated, still retains the millpond, raceways, machinery & equipment necessary for a small but important multi-purpose industry. Like most mills, Boxley Mill was substantially modified over its 91 years of operation. The mill extant today dated from c. 1870 when it was rebuilt by the Villines family. A wooden, overshot water wheel was replaced by a metal turbine when the mill was converted to a roller mill grinding process. A single pair of millstones continued to be used to grind corn meal until the 1960's when the mills history of community service ended. At the time of documentation the mill was being stabilized by the National Park Service.
Flour & Meal Industry
Howell, Charles, Field Team
Brown, Jeffrey, Field Team
Kepka, Gary, Delineator
Denham, Elam L., Delineator
Haney, David, Delineator
Delahaye, Daniel, Delineator
Historic American Engineering Record (Library of Congress)
Back to Ponca, Arkansas