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Woodward

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Woodward Coal & Iron Company Furnace, Opossum Creek, Woodward, Jefferson County, AL



See 14 maps of this location


B&W Photos

HB21437
General View Of Furnace Complex From South

HB21438
General View From Northwest

HB21439
General View From West

HB21440
View From Northwest

HB21441
View From North

HB21442
View From North


Data Pages


Photo Caption Pages
No images were found.

Item Title


Location
Opossum Creek vicinity, Woodward, AL

Find maps of Woodward, AL


Created/Published
Documentation compiled after 1968.

Notes
Survey number HAER AL-4
Building/structure dates: 1882 initial construction
Significance: The Woodward Iron Company established the first iron furnace in the Bessemer area, and began operation of its first furnace in 1883. The Company later expanded to include coal and ore mines, quarries, furnaces, and a private railway. In 1966, it was reportedly the largest independent and completely integrated manufacturer of pig iron in the U.S. The facility was demolished in 1974-75. / While its state of preservation in no way rivals the Sloss City Furnaces, the Woodward Furnace Site is perhaps the most significant foundry iron blast furnace plant in the District. As the first company to achieve full vertical integration, Woodward served as the model for other blast furnace operations. Professional trade journals often cited Woodward for its profitability and efficiency. From an engineering point of view, the structural remains of the blast furnace plant contain much information about the construction materials and building techniques. Built at different times, the four furnaces present a continuum in furnace design not available at any other site in the District and perhaps not available in the written record.

Subjects
Iron Industry
Furnaces
Ironworks


Related Names
Boucher, Jack, Photographer


Collection
Historic American Engineering Record (Library of Congress)

Contents
Photograph caption(s): 
1. GENERAL VIEW OF FURNACE COMPLEX FROM SOUTH
2. GENERAL VIEW FROM NORTHWEST
3. GENERAL VIEW FROM WEST
4. VIEW FROM NORTHWEST
5. VIEW FROM NORTH
6. VIEW FROM NORTH
7. VIEW FROM NORTH
8. GENERAL VIEW OF #4, [...]2, & 1 FURNACES WITH CRANE TRACK
9. VIEW OF #4 BLAST FURNACE FROM SOUTH
10. VIEW OF #2 BLAST FURNACE FROM SOUTH
11. VIEW OF #4 FURNACE FROM SOUTHEAST
12. VIEW OF #4 FURNACE FROM SOUTHEAST
13. VIEW OF #2 (LEFT) AND #1 (RIGHT) FURNACES WITH CRANE TRACK
14. VIEW OF #1 BLAST FURNACE
15. AERIAL OVERVIEW, LOOKING NORTHWEST WITH VULCAN MATERIALS COMPANY QUARRY.


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