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Prattville

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Continental Gin Company, Prattville, Autauga County, AL



See 16 maps of this location


B&W Photos

HB13527

HB13528


Data Pages


Drawings


Photo Caption Pages


Item Title


Location
Prattville, AL

Find maps of Prattville, AL


Created/Published
Documentation compiled after 1968.

Notes
Survey number HAER AL-5
Unprocessed field note material exists for this structure (FN-67; N321).
Building/structure dates: 1852 subsequent work
Building/structure dates: 1854 subsequent work
Building/structure dates: 1898 subsequent work
Building/structure dates: 1911 subsequent work
Building/structure dates: 1959 subsequent work
Building/structure dates: 1962 subsequent work
Significance: The site was acquired by Daniel Pratt in 1838, and he soon established grist and lumber and shingle mills there. By 1844, he had opened a cotton gin plant, the products of which were in great demand before the Civil War, and which became the largest cotton gin producer in the world. The Daniel Pratt Cotton Gin Company merged with other manufacturers in 1899 to form the Continental Gin Company which, in 1966, was still operational in Prattville. Pratt was also instrumental in the development of Alabama's iron and coal industries -- reconstructing the Red Mountain Iron and Coal Company after the Civil War. / Currently Eagle Corporation, currently the largest producer of cotton ginning equipment in the world, is the oldest continuously-operated industrial complex in the state of Alabama, dating to the founding of the Daniel Pratt Gin Company in 1833. Prattville held a diverse antebellum manufacturing establishment, of which the gin manufactory was the mainstay. The earliest Continental Eagle buildings, which date from the mid-19th century, are virtually the only architectural remnants of antebellum Alabama's nascent industrial efforts.

Subjects
Agriculture
Iron Industry
Grain Industry


Related Names
Red Mountain Iron & Coal Company
Griswold, Elisha
Griswold, Samuel
S. Griswold & Company
E.C. Griswold & Company
Daniel Pratt Gin Company
Dubin, Elizabeth, Field Team
Boucher, Jack, Photographer
Lowe, Jet, Photographer
Lands, LeeAnn Bishop, Historian
Paschke, Sarah, Delineator
Gole, David, Delineator
Behrens, Thomas, Delineator
Gazey, Timothy, Delineator
Rhodes, Patrick, Delineator


Collection
Historic American Engineering Record (Library of Congress)

Contents
Photograph caption(s): 
1. GENERAL VIEW OF MILL AND POND ABOVE DAM
2. GENERAL VIEW OF MILL AND DAM
3. GENERAL VIEW OF COMPLEX FROM PRATT CEMETARY ON HILL
4. VIEW OF EAST (?) BUILDING
5. GENERAL VIEW OF MILL COMPLEX
6. INTERIOR VIEW: COTTON GIN MADE IN 1844 BY DANIEL PRATT; OPEN POSITION
7. INTERIOR VIEW: COTTON GIN MADE IN 1844 BY DANIEL PRATT; CLOSED
8. STREETSCAPE VIEW, LOOKING SOUTHWEST, MAIN ST.
9. STREETSCAPE, MILLS IN BACKGROUND.
10. VIEW LOOKING SOUTHWEST, CONTINENTAL GIN COMPANY AND ANCILLARY BUILDINGS.
11. VIEW LOOKING SOUTHWEST, CONTINENTAL GIN COMPANY AND DAM LOOKING OVER AUTAUGA CREEK.
12. C. 1848, C. 1852, 1912 BUILDINGS (FROM RIGHT TO LEFT). PERSPECTIVE VIEW LOOKING SOUTHWEST OF THE CONTINENTAL GIN COMPANY, SHOWING DAM IN THE FOREGROUND.
13. C. 1848, C. 1852, 1912 BUILDINGS (FROM RIGHT TO LEFT). PERSPECTIVE VIEW LOOKING SOUTHWEST OF THE CONTINENTAL GIN COMPANY, SHOWING DAM IN THE FOREGROUND.
14. C. 1848 BUILDING, INTERIOR VIEW, REMAINING TAILRACE.
15. C. 1848 BUILDING, INTERIOR VIEW, FLUME ON RIGHT, POWER TRANSMISSION EQUIPMENT ABOVE, POSSIBLE LOCATION OF HEADRACE AND BREAST WHEEL BEHIND COLUMN.
16. 1854 INFILL BUILDING, TURBINE DRAFT TUBE AND ARCH OVER TURBINE FLUME.
17. 1854 INFILL BUILDING, HEAD RACE AREA, EXTREMELY ALTERED.
18. 1854 INFILL BUILDING, POWER TRANSMISSION WHEELS, RACE AREA.
19. C. 1852 BUILDING, LOOKING WEST, SHOWING LOADING DOOR ON THIRD FLOOR. 1911 STORAGE BUILDING TO LEFT.
20. C. 1852 BUILDING, BASEMENT; CRUCIFORM COLUMN DETAIL; SHOWING WHERE BUILDING BENDS, LOCATING ELEVATOR.
21. C. 1852 BUILDING, FIRST FLOOR, VAULTING ABOVE FIREPLACE.
22. C. 1852 BUILDING, FIRST FLOOR, WHITEWASHED COLUMNS, CAPITAL DETAIL, TIE ROD DETAIL, TRACK.
23. C. 1852 BUILDING, FIRST FLOOR, JOISTING, COLUMN BRACING, TRACK DETAIL.
24. C. 1852 BUILDING, SECOND FLOOR, BEAM WHERE BUILDING TURNS, TRACK, RED COLUMN, WHITEWASHED JOISTS.
25. C. 1852 BUILDING, SECOND FLOOR END OF MACHINE SHAFT FROM C. 1848 BUILDING.
26. C. 1852 BUILDING, SECOND FLOOR PATTERN STORAGE, NOTCHED JOISTS, STRESS RELIEF ARCH AT FLOOR LEVEL, BRACING COLUMNS.
27. C. 1852 BUILDING, THIRD FLOOR, JOISTS, DETAIL AT BEND.
28. C. 1852 BUILDING, THIRD FLOOR OVERALL, OPENING ABOVE STAIR TO ATTIC.
29. C. 1852 BUILDING, JOISTS AT BUILDING BEND.
30. C. 1852 BUILDING, TRACK ABOVE OPENING TO ATTIC SPACE.
31. C. 1852 BUILDING, BASEMENT, ELEVATOR MACHINERY, TRANSMISSION WHEELS, BREAKING DEVICE, LIFT DRUM.
32. C. 1852 BUILDING, BASEMENT, ELEVATOR, (NORTH ELEVATION), VERTICAL FROM TOP BEAM OF CAR IN BASEMENT TO TOP OF SHAFT.
33. C. 1852 BUILDING, BASEMENT, ELEVATOR SOUTH ELEVATION OF CAR BASEMENT.
34. C. 1852 BUILDING, BASEMENT, INTERIOR OF ELEVATOR, LIFT DRUM TO LEFT.
36. C. 1852 BUILDING, THIRD FLOOR, ELEVATOR ELEVATION, COUNTER WEIGHTS, GATE.
37. C. 1852 BUILDING, THIRD FLOOR, ELEVATOR PULLEYS.
38. C. 1854 BUILDING, FIRST FLOOR, OVERALL OF SPACE.
39. C. 1854 BUILDING, FIRST FLOOR, INSIDE PARTS ROOM, BEAM TENSIONER.
40. C. 1854 BUILDING, FIRST FLOOR, COLUMN AND BEAM CONNECTION, MORTISE AND TENON.
41. C. 1854 BUILDING, SECOND FLOOR, BEAM TENSIONER TRUSS.
42. C. 1854 BUILDING, SECOND FLOOR, WINDOW DETAIL.
43. C. 1854 BUILDING, SECOND FLOOR, FIRE INDICATOR.
44. C. 1854 BUILDING, THIRD FLOOR, CEILING DETAIL CENTER ROOF POST TIED INTO LAMINATED BEAM (BOLT HEAD VISIBLE ON LAMINATED BEAM). ALSO AN APPROACHMENT JOIST AND BEAM AND POST SUPPORT. SHOWS LOWER BEAM SUPPORT.
45. C. 1854 BUILDING, THIRD FLOOR, CEILING DETAIL SHOWING CORNER BEAM SUPPORT FOR VALLEY RAFTER ABOVE, ALSO SHOWS EAVES SUPPORT DETAIL.
46. C. 1854 BUILDING ATTIC ROOF SPACE, VIEW OF KING POST TRUSS ALONG LENGTH OF THE BUILDING. RAILS ON FLOOR FOR MOVEMENT OF GOODS STORED IN ROOF SPACE.
47. C. 1854 BUILDING ATTIC ROOF SPACE, VIEW OF TYPICAL QUEEN POST SHOWING CONNECTIONS TO THE VARIOUS TRUSS MEMBERS.
48. C. 1854 BUILDING ATTIC ROOF SPACE, VIEW OF QUEEN POST TRUSSES OF BUILDING DOGLEG, BRICK MASONRY PARAPET WALL VISIBLE AT REAR.
49. C. 1854 BUILDING ATTIC ROOF SPACE, VIEW OF CENTER POST OF TRANSITION OF KING POST TRUSS TO QUEEN POST TRUSS WHERE BUILDING TURNS OR DOGLEGS. NOTE ELEVATOR MACHINERY AT REAR.
50. C. 1898 BUILDING, DANIEL PRATT, ENTRY ARCH.
51. C. 1898 BUILDING EAST END, ARCH DETAILS.
52. C. 1898 BUILDING, ENTRY ARCH.
53. C. 1898 BUILDING EXTERIOR EAST ELEVATION, FROM BRIDGE ON THIRD FLOOR.
54. C. 1898 BUILDING, SOUTH ELEVATION, TAKEN FROM COVERED STOCKYARD.
55. C. 1911 STORAGE BUILDING, LOOKING SOUTHWEST, 1898 BUILDING VISIBLE IN TOP LEFT.
56. C. 1898 BUILDING, FIRST FLOOR OVERALL.
57. C. 1898 BUILDING, SECOND FLOOR, SHAFTS, PULLEYS AND BELTS.
58. C. 1898 BUILDING, SECOND FLOOR OVERALL.
59. C. 1898 BUILDING, SECOND FLOOR, MACHINERY, SHAFT AND COLUMN BEAM CONNECTION.
60. C. 1898 BUILDING, THIRD FLOOR OVERALL, FROM BRIDGE AREA.
61. C. 1898 BUILDING, THIRD FLOOR, DETAIL OF COLUMN/BEAM CONNECTION.
62. C. 1898 BUILDING, THIRD FLOOR, WINDOW DETAIL.
63. C. 1912 BUILDING, THIRD FLOOR, EXTERIOR WEST ELEVATION FROM BRIDGE.
64. C. 1912 BUILDING, SECTION OF BASEMENT SHOWING COLUMN FOOTING AND WALL DETAIL.
65. C. 1912 BUILDING, FIRST FLOOR OVERALL.
66. C. 1912 BUILDING, THIRD FLOOR OVERALL, ALSO SHOWS COLUMN TO BEAM CONNECTION.
67. C. 1912 BUILDING, FOURTH FLOOR OVERALL, ALSO SHOWS COLUMN TO BEAM CONNECTION. COTTON GIN HULLER PARTS IN FOREGROUND.
68. C. 1912 BUILDING, FOURTH FLOOR, WINDOW DETAIL.
69. C. 1854 BUILDING, THIRD FLOOR, CEILING DETAIL SHOWING CORNER BEAM SUPPORT FOR HIP RAFTER ABOVE. ALSO SHOWS EAVES SUPPORT DETAIL.
70. C. 1854 BUILDING, THIRD FLOOR, VIEW OF LENGTH OF BUILDING SHOWING LAMINATED BEAMS (TRUSS BOTTOM CHORD) WITH HANGING CEILING TRACK IN FOREGROUND.


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