Historic Photographs

Home

Search

Subject Browse
Browse by Subject >>

State/City Browse
Alaska
Alabama
Arkansas
Arizona
California
Colorado
Connecticut
District of Columbia
Delaware
Florida
Georgia
Hawaii
Iowa
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Massachusetts
Maryland
Maine
Michigan
Minnesota
Missouri
Mississippi
Montana
North Carolina
North Dakota
Nebraska
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New Mexico
Nevada
New York
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Virginia
Vermont
Washington
Wisconsin
West Virginia
Wyoming

Home

>

Alabama

>

Prattville

>

Prattville Manufacturing Company, Number One, 242 South Court Street, Prattville, Autauga County, AL



B&W Photos

HB50789
Facing Northeast From Dam, Mill No

HB50790
View From Dam Of Mill No

HB50791
View Of Continental Eagle Gin Co

HB50792
Facing Northwest; View Of Dam From Park With Eagle Continental Gin Company At Back Left.

HB50793
Facing Northwest; View Of Dam From Road Bridge

HB50794
Facing Northwest


Data Pages


Drawings


Photo Caption Pages
No images were found.

Item Title


Location
242 South Court Street, Prattville, AL

Find maps of Prattville, AL


Created/Published
Documentation compiled after 1968.

Notes
Survey number HAER AL-183
Unprocessed field note material exists for this structure (N477).
Significance: Founded in 1846, the Prattville Manufacturing Company was one of the South's earliest textile mills. A spinning and weaving operation from its inception, the original factory was razed when the owners, Daniel Pratt and associates, decided to expand operations into a new brick picker house and a new three-story brick structure (referred to as "Mill No. 1"), built in 1859. Operations expanded again in 1892 when W.T. Northington and his associates added a second mill ("Mill No. 2"), which largely replicated Mille No. 1 in style and operations. Both mills continued spinning and weaving well into the twentieth century. Production diversified over the years and at different times company operations included knitting, dyeing, and sewing.

Collection
Historic American Engineering Record (Library of Congress)

Contents
Photograph caption(s): 
1. FACING NORTHEAST FROM DAM, MILL NO. 1(RIGHT), MILL NO. 2(LEFT), BOILER STACK AND GATE CRANKS TO LEFT.
2. VIEW FROM DAM OF MILL NO. 1 ON LEFT WITH CONNECTING WALKWAY TO 1859 BRICK PICKER HOUSE AT CENTER, LOOKING EAST.
3. VIEW OF CONTINENTAL EAGLE GIN CO. ACROSS CREEK, TAKEN FROM DAM, LOOKING SOUTH. FROM RIGHT TO LEFT: CUPOLA TOWER ON 1854 CONTINENTAL GIN CO., 1848, 1852, 1912 CONTINENTAL GIN CO. BUILDINGS.
4. FACING NORTHWEST; VIEW OF DAM FROM PARK WITH EAGLE CONTINENTAL GIN COMPANY AT BACK LEFT.
5. FACING NORTHWEST; VIEW OF DAM FROM ROAD BRIDGE. CONTINENTAL EAGLE GIN CO. ON LEFT, SOUTH GABLE OF GURNEY MILL ON RIGHT.
6. FACING NORTHWEST. EXTERIOR OF WHITE-PAINTED 1859 BRICK PICKER HOUSE WITH MILL NO. 1 IN BACKGROUND. PARK FOUNTAIN IN FOREGROUND WITH BUST OF DANIEL PRATT BY ARTIST TOMMY BROWN.
7. OVERVIEW OF 2nd FLOOR INTERIOR OF 1859 BRICK PICKER HOUSE ADJACENT TO MILL NO. 1. PICKER ROOM WAS RENOVATED IN 1960S AND BEYOND, OBSCURING ORIGINAL DETAILS. DOOR AT REAR LEADS TO WOODEN CONNECTING WALKWAY TO MILL NO. 1.
8. FACING NORTH, LOOKING UP TAILRACE TOWARD WATER POWER SOURCE. PENSTOCK RUNS LEFT TO RIGHT. HOOD OR IRON DRAINAGE TUBE FROM TURBINE WHEELS IN VIEW. CONDUIT VISIBLE UNDER PENSTOCK IS PART OF WASTE WATER DRAINAGE SYSTEM. MILL NO. 1 IS NEARER VIEWER; MILL NO. 2 IN BACKGROUND.
9. FACING NORTH, WATER POWER PENSTOCK RUNS RIGHT TO LEFT, ONE OF TWO DRAFT TUBES AT LOWER RIGHT. TOWERS, BUILDING CROSSWALKS, AND MILL NO. 2 IN BACKGROUND; DAM GATES TO LEFT.
10. FACING SOUTH FROM WALKWAY OVER HEADRACE TOWARD TRASH GATE (BOTTOM) AND MILL NO. 1. NOTE GATE HOIST CRANKS ON LEFT, WHEELS ON RIGHT.
11. MILL NO. 2, BOILER HOUSE TO LEFT, FACING NORTH.
12. FACING NORTHWEST. DAM SKIRT/RETAINING WALL LOOKING TOWARD HEAD OF AUTAUGA CREEK, TAKEN FROM 3rd-FLOOR WALKWAY BETWEEN MILL TOWERS.
13. FACING WEST FROM ATTIC LEVEL IN MILL NO. 1 TOWER, LOOKING TOWARD MILL NO. 2 WITH HOIST IN VIEW. NOTE LINTEL AND CORNICE DETAILING.
14. MILL NO. 1, STAIRCASE UNDER WATER TANK IN TOWER, WHICH LEADS DOWN TO ATTIC LEVEL. SUPPORT BEAM FOR TANK IS AT TOP OF PICTURE.
15. MILL NO. 1, WATER TANK SUPPORT AREA IN TOWER.
16. ATTIC OF MILL NO. 1; NOTE ROOF TRUSSES.
17. ATTIC, MILL NO 1, SHOWING WESTBROOK ELEVATOR MACHINERY AT SOUTH END.
18. MILL NO. 1, 3rd FLOOR, ENTIRE FLOOR WITH CEILING TRACKING.
19. MILL NO. 1, 3rd FLOOR, CEILING TRACKING WITH AIR CLEANER (BLEW DUST/LINT DOWNWARD WHILE TRAVELING ON TRACK OVER MILL MACHINERY).
20. MILL NO. 1, 3rd FLOOR, AIR CLEANERS.
21. MILL NO. 1, 3rd FLOOR, FIRE DOOR.
22. MILL NO. 1, 2nd FLOOR, LIGHT TABLES AND KNITTING MACHINE. LIGHT TABLE USED TO CHECK FOR CLOTH DEFECTS.
23. KNITTING MACHINE, MILL NO 1, 2nd FLOOR.
24. OVERALL OF 1st FLOOR OF MILL NO. 1. PALLETS HELD CLOTH IN STORAGE IN LATE 20th CENTURY. IRON POSTS IN LEFT DISTANCE FRONTED CLOTH BINS. HISTORIAN LEEANN LANDS IN BACKGROUND WITH LIGHT.
25. PRIMARY POWER TRANSMISSION BELT HOLES IN 1st FLOOR MILL NO. 1 CEILING. WATER-POWERED MACHINERY LOCATED IN BASEMENT RAN LEATHER BELTS THROUGH THESE HOLES. POWER WAS THEN TRANSMITTED TO SHAFTS AND PULLEYS TO RUN MACHINERY ON MILL FLOORS.
26. OVERALL SHOT OF BASEMENT, MILL NO. 1. ORIGINALLY MACHINE SHOP. PALLETS ON FLOOR ADDED IN LATE 20th C. FOR CLOTH STORAGE.
27. DETAIL OF BASEMENT, MILL NO. 1 POWER ENTRY FILLED IN AREA WHERE WATER-POWERED SHAFTING ENTERS BUILDING. NOTE CONTROL WHEEL ON FLOOR AND BELT HOLES IN CEILING TO FIRST FLOOR.
28. PUMP/ENGINE ROOM OFF THE BASEMENT OF MILL NO. 1. ENGINE PLATFORM IS SEEN BEHIND PUMP. THIS AMERICAN MOISTURE CO. PUMP WAS USED TO HUMIDIFY UPPER FLOORS OF MILL. NOTE TANK TO LEFT, UNKNOWN USE. NOTHING IN THIS ROOM HAS BEEN USED SINCE 1945.
29. WORTHINGTON FIRE PUMP WITH TURBINE HIDDEN BEHIND. PUMP HOUSE IS LOCATED AT HEAD OF OLD TRASH GATES. PUMP ENTERS WATER ON EXTERIOR OF WALL IN FAR SIDE OF PHOTO.
30. VICTOR WATER TURBINE, STILWELL-BIERCE CO., DAYTON, OHIO. SIMILAR TURBINE TO LEFT (DOUBLE TURBINE SYSTEM), PHOTO TAKEN FROM PENSTOCK.
31. BUCKETS OF VICTOR WATER TURBINE, ALSO CALLED RUNNERS.
32. ATTIC, MILL NO. 2. NOTE ROOF TRUSSES.
33. MONARCH ELEVATOR MACHINE, NORTH SIDE OF ATTIC, MILL NO. 2.
34. MILL NO. 2, 3rd FLOOR, OVERVIEW OF ENTIRE FLOOR.
35. MILL NO. 2 2nd FLOOR, NOTE CREEL MACHINES IN DISTANCE.
36. MILL NO. 2, 2nd FLOOR, SEVERAL CREEL MACHINES.
37. MILL NO. 2, 2nd FLOOR, CLOSE SHOT OF 2 CREEL MACHINES, WHICH FEED YARN INTO KNITTING MACHINES.
38. DETAIL OF CREEL MACHINE, MILL NO. 2, 2nd FLOOR; NOTE THREAD NUMBERS.
39. MILL NO. 2, 1st FLOOR, TAKEN FROM NORTH END, FACING MILL NO. 1 AND ITS TOWER.
40. WINDOW DETAIL, 1ST FLOOR, 3rd WINDOW FROM NORTH END, MILL NO. 2.
41. STEAM ENGINE ROOM ON CREEK (WEST) SIDE OF MILL NO. 2. NOTE SEMICIRCULAR BELT HOLE (WINDOW?) AT FLOOR LEVEL. DOOR LEADS TO MILL NO. 2.
42. OVERALL OF 2nd FLOOR PICKER ROOM OFF MILL NO. 2. NOTE TRUSSWORK. SPACE TO RIGHT OF COLUMNS IS PART OF 1915 CLOTH ROOM ADDITION.
43. COTTON VACUUM, WHICH WAS USED TO MOVE COTTON INTO PICKER ROOM. 2nd FLOOR PICKER ROOM, MILL NO. 2.
44. DETAIL OF COTTON VACUUM.
45. 1915 CLOTH ROOM ADJACENT TO PICKER ROOM, SECOND FLOOR, NORTH END OF MILL NO. 2, WALL ON LEFT DIVIDING CLOTH ROOM ADDED LATER (PROBABLY C. 1970s).
46. NORTH END OF MILL NO. 2, 1st FLOOR, BELOW PICKER AND CLOTH ROOM AREA. FUNCTION OF THIS SPACE UNKNOWN AT PRESENT. NOTE THAT EYE BEAM REPLACES ORIGINAL WALL OF 1892 PICKER HOUSE. CENTER (OR LEFT) DOOR IS ENTRY TO MILL NO. 2. RIGHT DOOR IS ENTRY TO 1892 NAPPER ROOM.
47. NAPPER ROOM, WHERE CLOTH WAS WRAPPED. NORTHWEST CORNER OF MILL NO. 2, 1st FLOOR.
48. BASEMENT OF MILL NO. 2 NEAR ORIGINAL STEAM ENGINE.
49. WORTHINGTON ENGINE AND AIR-COMPRESSOR SYSTEM FOR UPSTAIRS TEXTILE MACHINERY. THIS SYSTEM WAS REPLACED BY ONE ON THE EXTERIOR OF THE BUILDING AFTER 1945, BUT WAS NEVER REMOVED. LOCATED IN AIR COMPRESSOR ROOM BETWEEN MILL NO. 2 AND BOILER ROOM.
50. HARTLEY BOILERS, DATE UNKNOWN. VIEW FROM BOILER ROOM ENTRANCE.
51. BOILER ROOM. SMALL BOILER ON LEFT OF UNKNOWN MANUFACTURE, WITH INDUCTION MOTORS. HARTLEY BOILER, MONTGOMERY, ALABAMA, ON RIGHT.
52. KEWANEE BOILER, MODEL FE-561-L. INSTALLED C. 1960 TO SUPPLEMENT THE HARTLEY BOILERS (SEE PREVIOUS PHOTOS 50 AND 51). LOCATED IN BOILER ROOM ADDITION WEST OF MAIN BOILER ROOM.


Back to Prattville, Alabama