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Fairfield

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City of Fairfield, Fairfield, Jefferson County, AL



See 19 maps of this location


B&W Photos

HB42173

HB42174

HB42175

HB42176


Data Pages


Photo Caption Pages


Item Title
City of Fairfield, Fairfield, Jefferson County, AL

Location
Fairfield, AL

Find maps of Fairfield, AL


Created/Published
Documentation compiled after 1968.

Notes
Survey number HAER AL-110
Significance: Fairfield represents the ultimate expression of planned worker communities in the iron and steel industry. The design for this model industrial city reflects the influence of the "City Beautiful" movement of the Progressive Era in the history of the United States. Extensive, surviving planning documents detail goals of social engineering in their generous provision for civic and green spaces in the new city. While no expense was spared in the planning and construction of streets, parks, sidewalks, residences and landscaping for this community, Fairfield housed only skilled white labor.

Subjects
Cities & Towns


Collection
Historic American Engineering Record (Library of Congress)

Contents
Photograph caption(s): 
1. AERIAL OVERVIEW, LOOKING SOUTH ACROSS INTERSTATE 20-59 (BOTTOM RIGHT) TO THE ORIGINAL PLANNED INDUSTRIAL COMMUNITY WHOSE MAJOR ACCESS (CENTER) LEADS FROM THE TENNESSEE COAL & IRON CO. - US STEEL - US STEEL FAIRFIELD WORKS (NOT PICTURED) ACROSS GARY AVENUE AND THE COMMERCIAL DISTRICT TO THE CIVIC CENTER PLAZA WHICH IS SURROUNDED BY RESIDENTIAL DISTRICTS TO THE FORMER TCI-US STEEL EMPLOYEES (NOW LLOYD NOLAND) HOSPITAL (TOP CENTER). TO LEFT OF HOSPITAL IS PARKWAY, ONE OF THE MODEL INDUSTRIAL TOWN'S PRINCIPAL LANDSCAPED THOROUGHFARES.
2. EXTERIOR VIEW OF FORTY-THIRD STREET STREETSCAPE WITH BUNGALOWS, SIDEWALKS AND STREET TREES ORIGINAL TO THE JEMISON AND COMPANY DEVELOPMENT OF THE 'MODEL' INDUSTRIAL TOWN.
3. GENERAL/EXTERIOR VIEW OF HILLSIDE DRIVE STREETSCAPE.
4. GENERAL/EXTERIOR VIEW OF HILLSIDE DRIVE STREETSCAPE.


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