Historic Photographs

Home

Search

Subject Browse
Browse by Subject >>

State/City Browse
Alaska
Alabama
Arkansas
Arizona
California
Colorado
Connecticut
District of Columbia
Delaware
Florida
Georgia
Hawaii
Iowa
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Massachusetts
Maryland
Maine
Michigan
Minnesota
Missouri
Mississippi
Montana
North Carolina
North Dakota
Nebraska
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New Mexico
Nevada
New York
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Virginia
Vermont
Washington
Wisconsin
West Virginia
Wyoming

Home > Alabama > Birmingham > Sloss-Sheffield Steel & Iron, First Avenue North Viaduct at Thirty-second Street, Birmingham, Jefferson County, AL



B&W Photos
Jack E
HB20923
Jack E
Jack E
HB20924
Jack E
Jack E
HB20925
Jack E
Jack E
HB20926
Jack E
Jack E
HB20927
Jack E
Jack E
HB20928
Jack E


Data Pages


Drawings


Photo Caption Pages
No images were found.

Color Transparencies
No images were found.

Supplemental Material
No images were found.

Item Title


Location
First Avenue North Viaduct at Thirty-second Street, Birmingham, AL

Find maps of Birmingham, AL


Created/Published
Documentation compiled after 1968.

Notes
Survey number HAER AL-3
Unprocessed field note material exists for this structure (FN-1, FN-2).
Building/structure dates: 1942 subsequent work
Building/structure dates: 1970 subsequent work
Building/structure dates: 1970 subsequent work
National Register Number: 72000162
Significance: The Sloss Company's city furnaces, built in what is now the center of Birmingham, Alabama, in 1881-1882, produced pig iron for the foundry market until their close in 1970. / The Sloss Furnaces, the nucleus of an integrated ironmaking system which includes extensive surviving remnants of coal and iron ore mines, quarries, and coke ovens, are the most visible symbol of the Birmingham District's role as the nation's leading foundry iron producer from the late-19th century until the 1960s. The blast furnaces, stoves, boilers and other structures represent the highest expression of American merchant pig iron furnace practice and design of the late 1920s. Other features such as vertical blowing engines and sand casting beds chart technological evolution at the turn of the century.

Subjects
Iron Industry
Recreation
Moving Of Structures


Related Names
Babcock & Wilcox
Casey-Hedges Company
Rust Company
Sloss Company
Cooperative Experimental Coke & Iron Company
Louisville & Nashville Railroad
Boucher, Jack, Photographer
Lowe, Jet, Photographer
Kulik, Gary B., Historian
Anderson, Katherine, Delineator
Hunt, James Y., Delineator
Stammer, Patti, Delineator


Collection
Historic American Engineering Record (Library of Congress)

Contents
Photograph caption(s): 
1. Jack E. Boucher, Photographer, March 1974. GENERAL VIEW FROM THE EAST SHOWING THE 'PIG MACHINE', THE #1 CASTING SHED AND THE #1 FURNACE IN THE FOREGROUND.
2. Jack E. Boucher, Photographer, March 1974. GENERAL VIEW OF CENTRAL COMPLEX SHOWING STICK BINS FOR RAW MATERIALS IN FOREGROUND, FOUR LARGE BOILER UNITS, AND STOVES AND THE #2 BLAST FURNACE WITH SKIP HOIST IN BACKGROUND. VIEW FROM THE EAST.
3. Jack E. Boucher, Photographer, March 1974. GENERAL VIEW FROM THE SOUTH, SHOWING CENTRAL COMPLEX WITH THE STOCK BINS FOR RAW MATERIALS IN THE FOREGROUND, FOUR LARGE BOILER UNITS AND STOVE'S AND THE #1 BLAST FURNACE WITH SKIP HOIST IN THE BACKGROUND.
4. Jack E. Boucher, Photographer, March 1974. VIEW FROM THE SOUTH OF THE #1 BLAST FURNACE WITH SKIP HOIST AND DUST CATCHER. STOCK BINS FOR RAW MATERIALS ARE IN THE FOREGROUND, THE #2 CASTING SHED BEYOND.
5. Jack E. Boucher, Photographer, March 1974. VIEW FROM THE SOUTH OF THE #2 BLAST FURNACE AND CASTING SEED ON THE LEFT, THE #1 BLAST FURNACE AND CASTING SHED ON THE RIGHT, AND THE STOVES, BOILERS, AND AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT IN THE CENTER.
6. Jack E. Boucher, Photographer, March 1974. VIEW OF CENTRAL COMPLEX FROM THE EAST, SHOWING THE #1 BLAST FURNACE ON THE RIGHT, THE #2 BLAST FURNACE ON THE LEFT, AND THE BOILERS AND STOVES IN THE CENTER.
7. Jack E. Boucher, Photographer, March 1974. GENERAL VIEW FROM THE SOUTHWEST, SHOWING THE #2 BLAST FURNACE IN THE RIGHT; THE CENTRAL COMPLEX WITH STOVES IN THE CENTER. ELECTRICAL POWER HOUSE IS ON THE LEFT BEYOND THE CONVEYOR LIFT.
8. Jack E. Boucher, Photographer, March 1974. VIEW FROM THE EAST, SHOWING THE #2 BLAST FURNACE WITH SKIP HOIST, DUST CATCHER AND STOCK BINS FOR RAW MATERIALS IN THE FOREGROUND.
9. Jack E. Boucher, Photographer, March 1974. VIEW FROM THE EAST, SHOWING THE STOCK BINS IN THE FOREGROUND, THE #1 BLAST FURNACE ON THE RIGHT, STOVES IN THE CENTER, AND THE #2 BLAST FURNACE ON THE LEFT.
10. Jack E. Boucher, Photographer, March 1974. VIEW FROM THE SOUTHWEST, SHOWING CENTRAL COMPLEX OF STOVES.
11. Jack E. Boucher, Photographer, March 1974. DETAIL VIEW OF STOVES FROM THE SOUTH.
12. Jack E. Boucher, Photographer, March 1974. DETAIL VIEW OF THE #2 BLAST FURNACE AND SKIP HOIST. DUST CATCHER IS AT THE RIGHT. VIEW IS FROM THE EAST.
13. Jack E. Boucher, Photographer, March 1974. VIEW OF THE #2 BLAST FURNACE FROM THE EAST, SHOWING SKIP HOIST, DUST CATCHER AND STOCK BINS IN THE FOREGROUND. #2 CASTING SHED IS TO THE LEFT, HOT BLAST MAIN IS ON THE RIGHT.
14. Jack E. Boucher, Photographer, March 1974. DETAIL VIEW OF THE STOVES WITH HOT BLAST MAIN. #2 BLAST FURNACE IS TO THE IMMEDIATE LEFT. VIEW FROM THE SOUTHWEST.
15. Jack E. Boucher, Photographer, March 1974. VIEW FROM THE NORTH, SHOWING THE #2 BLAST FURNACE AND CASTING SHED.
16. Jack E. Boucher, Photographer, March 1974. GENERAL VIEW FROM THE SOUTHWEST, SHOWING THE #2 CASTING SHED IN THE FOREGROUND WITH THE STOVES AND TOP WORKS OF THE #1 FURNACE IN THE BACKGROUND.
17. Jack E. Boucher, Photographer, March 1974. INTERIOR VIEW OF BLOWING ENGINE DETAIL.
18. Jack E. Boucher, Photographer, March 1974. DETAIL VIEW FROM THE SOUTHWEST, SHOWING THE BASE OF THE #2 BLAST FURNACE, TAKEN FROM WITHIN THE CASTING SHED.
19. Jack E. Boucher, Photographer, March 1974. DETAIL VIEW OF THE BASE OF THE BLAST FURNACE, SHOWING THE BUSTLE PIPE ENCIRCLING THE FURNACE (ABOVE) AND THE TAP HOLE IN TILE CENTER OF THE PHOTOGRAPH.
20. View looking west at central furnace complex with Southern RR mainline tracks in foreground.
21. Photocopy of ca. 1951 view (when furnaces were still in blast) looking north at central furnace complex with railroad cars of furnace charging materials in foreground and No. 2 Furnace at left. Photo marked on back 'David W. Corson from A. Devaney, N.Y.'
22. General view from the southwest showing No. 1 Furnace at left and hot blast stoves in center.
23. View from southeast of top of No. 1 Furnace.
24. Detail view of skip hoist for No. 1 Furnace.
25. View from northwest of No. 1 Furnace with control room in right foreground.
26. View from southwest of No. 1 Furnace showing hot blast main over Control room.
27. Ladle car (William B. Pollock Co., Youngstown, OH, no date) for transporting molten iron from furnace to pig machine
28. View from northwest of No. 2 Furnace and hot blast stoves.
29. View from southeast of No. 2 Furnace with control room in right foreground; downcomer main in upper left.
30. View from northeast of No. 2 Furnace.
31. View from southeast of vertical gas washer with No. 2 Furnace and dust catcher in background.
32. Detail view of top of No. 2 Furnace showing off-tank, downcomer and skip-hoist.
33. View from east of bottom of No. 2 Furnace skip-hoist with stock-bin trestle in background.
34. No. 2 Furnace dust catcher with skip-hoist in background.
35. No. 2 Furnace skip-hoist.
36. View from southwest of No. 2 Furnace skip-hoist with skip-hoist engine house in left corner and dust catcher in background.
37. No. 2 Furnace skip-hoist engine room.
38. Base of No. 2 Furnace showing iron runner to ladle car on floor of casting shed.
39. Detail view of No. 2 Furnace iron runner; rod or poker at right was used to unplug iron notch.
40. Detail view of No. 2 Furnace iron runner leading to ladle car drop off.
41. Side view of No. 2 Furnace slag notch and runner.
42. Straight on view of No. 2 Furnance slag notch and runner.
43. Detail view of pivoting bracket used to move heavy iron plate that covered trough next to iron notch when No. 2 Furnace was tapped.
44. View looking west down length of No. 2 Furnace casting shed showing overhead traveling crane.
45. Detail view of No. 2 Furnace casting shed traveling crane.
46. Detail view of No. 2 Furnace casting shed roof trusses.
47. View looking west down exterior north wall of No. 2 Furnace casting shed.
48. View looking east along length of stock bin trestle snowing cable winch used to pull stock cars along testle.
49. Detail of cable winch used to pull stock cars along length of stock bin trestle.
50. View looking east down rail right-of-way traveled by ladle car taking molten iron from furnaces to pig machine; gas main at left, Babcock & Wilcox boilers at right.
51. View looking west down ladle car right-of-way; gas main at right, Babcock & Wilcox boilers at left.
52. Winch located at base of No. 1 Furnace for pulling ladle cars from furnace to pig machine.
53. View from northeast of Kinney-Osborne slag granulator; No. 1 Furnace at left.
54. View from southeast of Kinney-Osborne slag granulator at right and stack at left that vented steam generated when water was sprayed on hot slag to solidify and fracture it.
55. Side view (west) of Kinney-Osborne slag granulator.
56. Detail view from southwest of Kinney-Osborne slag granulator.
57. Detail view of conveyor for Kinney-Osborne slag granulator.
58. Side view (east) of No. 2 Furnace Kinney-Osborne slag granulator.
59. View from south of No. 2 Furnace Kinney-Osborne slag granulator.
60. View from stock bin trestle looking northeast at Babcock & Wilcox type boilers (manufactured by Casey-Hedges Co., Chattanooga, TN) where washed furnace gas is burned with natural gas and coal to generate heat for steam.
61. View from ladle car right-of-way looking southeast at Babcock & Wilcox type boilers.
62. View from ladle car right-of-way looking southwest at bank of four Babcock & Wilcox type boilers showing bifurcated furnace gas main to boilers.
63. Detail view from ladle car right-of-way looking south at Babcock & Wilcox type boiler showing furnace gas main to boilers.
64. General view looking northwest showing Rust Co. boiler stacks with stock bin trestle in foreground and regenerative stoves in background.
65. Base of Rust Co. boilers showing furnace gas main and boiler take-off.
66. Base of Rust Co. boiler.
67. View looking east up walkway between blowing engine house at left and boilers at right showing base of stack for boilers No. 5 and 6.
68. Detail view looking southeast at base of stack for boilers No. 11 and 12.
69. Detail view looking west at base of stack for boilers No. 9 and 10 with blowing engine house at right.
70. Detail view looking west at base of stack for boilers No. 3 and 4 with water tank at right.
71. Detail view of water pump at base of water tank with wall of blowing engine house in background.
72. View of reservoir adjacent to south wall of blowing engine house where water from furnaces was allowed to cool.
73. Base of water tank located in setback at southeast corner of blowing engine house.
74. View of small steam tank used in 'blowing down' or cleaning boilers; in background can be seen the bottom of cylindrical water tank located in setback at southeast corner of blowing engine house.
75. Base of water tank at southwest corner of blowing engine house.
76. General view looking east showing Rust Co. boiler stacks at left, Babcock & Wilcox type boiler stacks at right, Dovel horizontal gas washer in foreground, and No. 1 Furnace in distance.
77. Detail view looking east showing Dovel horizontal gas washer in foreground, Rust Co. boilers and blowing engine house at left, and Babcock & Wilcox type boilers at right.
78. Side view of 1902 Allis-Chalmers blowing engine showing flywheel, main-rod and top of cylinder.
79. View inside blowing engine room looking down walkway with engine flywheels at left.
80. Corliss valve gear on blowing engine.
81. Fly-ball governor on blowing engine.
82. Gauge board in blowing engine house.
83. Steam turbine driven pump in blowing engine house.
84. View looking east down areaway between hot blast stoves 25 and 26 at left and Blowing Engine House on the right.
85. Water pump to boilers in blowing engine house.
86. View of 1942 Ingersoll-Rand turbo-blower with engine casing removed.
87. View inside No. 2 turbo-blower house looking west showing 1951 Ingersoll-Rand turbo-blower with engine casing removed.
88. View inside No. 2 turbo-blower house looking east showing 1951 Ingersoll-Rand turbo-blower with engine casing removed.
89. Control panel in No. 2 turbo-blower house.
90. View looking southwest at dehumidification plant in foreground and power house in background.
91. Close-up view of dehumidification plant.
92. Air dehumidification machinery.
93. View looking west at hot blast stoves 11-14 for No. 1 Furnace.
94. View looking northwest at stoves 11-14.
95. View looking south at hot blast stoves with numbers 15 and 16 in foreground.
96. Close in view looking northwest at stoves 11-14.
97. View of hot blast main (inclined pipe) going to No. 1 Furnace.
98. View looking up at stove 14.
99. Clean out port for stove 14.
100. Gas burner for stove 14.
101. Cylindrical chamber where gas exits stove to underground.
102. Giullotine type gate (inclosed position to regulate furnace exhaust gases to stoves during heating cycle.
103. Base of No. 1 stove stack at northeast corner of blowing engine house.
104. Base of No. 2 stove stack at northwest corner of blowing engine house.
105. Base of No. 2 stove stack from east.
106. Base of No. 2 stove stack from north.
107. Hot blast valve at bottom of stove.
108. Cylindrical chamber where gas exits stove to below ground flue that leads to stack.
109. Clean out port to stove.
110. Clean out port and counterweight mechanism to regulate exhaust gases.
111. Gas Burner for Stove.
112. Air pressure relief valve at base of stove.
113. Hot blast valve for stove 15.
114. Detail view of cold blast valves for stoves 12 and 13.
115. View looking southeast at stoves 21-26 with stove stack No. 2 in background.
116. View looking southeast at stoves 21-24 showing hot blast main to No. 2 Furnace leading off to the right and gas main running in front of stoves.
117. View looking north at stoves 22-24 showing gas main running in front.
118. Guillotine type gate (in open position) to regulate stove exhausts to underground flue.
119. View looking north at west elevation of power house.
120. View inside power house showing 1929 Allis-Chalmers steam turbine with engine housing removed; control panel in background.
121. Close up view of 1929 Allis-Chalmers steam turbine with engine housing removed.
122. Power House control panel.
123. Allis-Chalmers motor-generator sets in Power House.
124. Base of Ingersoll-Rand compressor (now removed) at north side of blowing engine house.
125. View of south elevation of laboratory building with 1st Street Viaduct in background.
126. EXTERIOR VIEW, LOOKING NORTH, SHOWING CAST SHED NO. 2, FURNACE NO. 2, STOVES, POWER HOUSE, STACKS, FURNACE NO. 1 CAST SHED. FURNACE NO. 2 IS IN PROCESS OF RESTORATION.
127. AERIAL VIEW.
128. AERIAL VIEW.
129. AERIAL VIEW.
130. AERIAL VIEW.
131. AERIAL VIEW.
132. AERIAL VIEW LOOKING WEST.
133. AERIAL VIEW LOOKING WEST.
134. ROTARY DISTRIBUTOR ON TOP OF BLAST FURNACE.
137. AERIAL VIEW LOOKING TOWARD BIRMINGHAM CITY CENTER.


Back to Birmingham, Alabama