Harmony Street Baptist Church, 527 Forty-Second Place North, Birmingham, Jefferson County, AL
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527 Forty-Second Place North, Birmingham, AL
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Documentation compiled after 1933.
Survey number HABS AL-986
Unprocessed field note material exists for this structure (N787).
Building/structure dates: 1924 initial construction
Building/structure dates: 1949 subsequent work
Building/structure dates: 1962 subsequent work
Significance: The building's architect, Wallace A. Rayfield, was a notably successful African American architect in the late nineteenth and early 20th centuries. After earning a B.S. degree in classics in 1896 from Howard University (Washington, DC), he obtained a certificate in architecture from Pratt Institute (Brooklyn, NY) in 1898 and graduated in 1899 from Columbia University (New York, NY). He received his bachelor of architecture degree from Columbia in 1900. He also attended the Polytechnic Institute in London, England. From 1899 to 1907 he taught at Tuskegee Institute as a faculty member in the first architectural program at an African American college. He practiced architecture in Birmingham 1908-1929. Due to its large seating capacity and supportive pastor, Thirty Second Street Church frequently hosted the Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights (ACMHR) during the nationally significant Civil Rights movement in Birmingham during the 1950s and 1960s.
Pettiford, Rev. William
Rayfield, Wallace A.
Stroud, Nathan J.
Dennis, Christopher, Field Team
Howell, Brenda, Field Team
Jones, Bill, Field Team
Slaughter, Carol, Field Team
Hamilton, Amy, Field Team
Anderson, Richard K., Delineator
White, Marjorie L., Historian
Historic American Buildings Survey (Library of Congress)
1. NORTH, FRONT FACADE HARMONY STREET BAPTIST CHURCH
2. WEST ELEVATION
3. HARMONY STREET BAPTIST CHURCH, AVONDALE; EDUCATION BUILDING AND SOUTH FACADE
4. INTERIOR FROM PULPIT LOOKING INTO THE SANCTUARY
5. INTERIOR FROM SANCTUARY TO PULPIT
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