Pyne Red Ore Mine, State Route 150, Bessemer, Jefferson County, AL
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State Route 150, Bessemer, AL
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Documentation compiled after 1968.
Survey number HAER AL-28
Unprocessed field note material exists for this structure (N169).
Significance: The Pyne mine is one of only two shaft ore mines in the Birmingham District, and was probably the deepest and largest of its kind in the region. The surface plant included one of the first ore briquetting plants installed in the Birmingham District. The heavy media plant represented the culmination of a long series of U.S. Bureau of Mine experiments designed to determine the feasibility of beneficiating red ore from Red Mountain's Clinton formation. The application of coal mining practices at the ore mine is an example of the unique advantages derived from "straight line production" and the close proximity of ore and coal mines. It was this close proximity which enabled the Woodward Company to bring its ore and coal mining engineers together in the kind of close cooperation that would have been necessary to adapt one body of mining practice to another kind of mining conditions. Mine headquarters buildings and head frame remain.
Mines (industrial Facilities)
Historic American Engineering Record (Library of Congress)
1. GENERAL VIEW OF PYNE MINE COMPLEX WITH HEADFRAME TO CENTER, LOOKING SOUTHWEST.
2. GENERAL VIEW OF PYNE MINE COMPLEX WITH HEADFRAME TO CENTER, LOOKING SOUTHWEST (WITH CYCLISTS).
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