ORBIS.TYPVS.VNIVERSALIS.IVXTA.HYDROGRAPHORVM.TRADITIONEM.EXACTISSIME DEPICTA.1522.L.F.(TOP BANNER-]TABV. TOTIVS ORBIS
FRIES, LORENZ (SERVETUS, MICHAEL), 1535
Image Quality: High
This map was published thirty years after the first Columbus voyage and displays some of the advances in geographic knowledge revealed by explorations during the intervening period. Though crude and incomplete, parts of the New World are now seen. Continental North America is lacking, and Cuba ("Ysabella") and Hispaniola ("Spagnola") are at the western edge of the map as the only representatives of the West Indies. There is a large and misshapen South America bearing the name "America" for only the third time on a printed map and the first time in an atlas. The name had first appeared on the great 1507 wall map by Martin Waldseemuller but was later abandoned by him. Because Fries' map enjoyed wide circulation, it was probably influential in preserving the name.
Europe is poorly delineated, with Greenland displaced to the north of Scandinavia, Scotland and England portrayed as separate islands, and the Mediterranean coastline grossly deformed. Ptolemy's erroneous land bridge between Africa and Asia has been removed, but the Indian peninsula appears to be reduplicated.
There are no "wind heads," but numerous directional lines are present throughout the map and the border is made up of small banners containing the wind names and linked together by coiled ropes.